# Analytic theory for the determination of velocity and stability of bubbles in a Hele-Shaw cell

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## Abstract

An asymptotic theory is presented for the determination of velocity and linear stability of a steady symmetric bubble in a Hele-Shaw cell for small surface tension. In the first part, the bubble velocity *U* relative to the fluid velocity at infinity is determined for small surface tension *T* by determining a transcendentally small correction to the asymptotic series solution. It is found that for any relative bubble velocity *U* in the interval (*U*_{ c }, 2), solutions exist at a countably infinite set of values of *T* (which has zero as its limit point) corresponding to the different branches of bubble solutions. The value of *U*_{ c } decreases monotonically from 2 to 1 as the bubble area increases from 0 to ∞. However, for a bubble of an arbitrarily given size, as *T* → 0, a solution exists on any given branch with the relative bubble velocity *U* satisfying the relation 2−*U*=*cT*^{2/3}, where *c* depends on the branch but is independent of the bubble area. The analytical evidence further suggests that there are no solutions for *U*>2. These results are in agreement with earlier analytical results for a finger.

In Part II an analytic theory is presented for the determination of the linear stability of the bubble in the limit of zero surface tension. Only the solution branch corresponding to the largest possible *U* for given surface tension is found to be stable, while all the others are unstable, in accordance with earlier numerical results.

## Keywords

Surface Tension Fluid Velocity Linear Stability Analytic Theory Series Solution## Preview

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