Dysphagia

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 93–98 | Cite as

A penetration-aspiration scale

  • John C. Rosenbek
  • Jo Anne Robbins
  • Ellen B. Roecker
  • Jame L. Coyle
  • Jennifer L. Wood
Article

Abstract

The development and use of an 8-point, equalappearing interval scale to describe, penetration and aspiration events are described. Scores are determined primarily by the depth to which material passes in the airway and by whether or not material entering the airway is expelled. Intra-and interjudge reliability have been established. Clinical and scientific uses of the scale are discussed.

Key words

Dysphagia Aspiration Penetration Scaling Deglutition Deglutition disorders 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Rosenbek
    • 1
  • Jo Anne Robbins
    • 2
  • Ellen B. Roecker
    • 3
  • Jame L. Coyle
    • 2
  • Jennifer L. Wood
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Williams S. Middleton Memorial Veterans HospitalUniversity of Wisconsin School of MedicineMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans HospitalUniversity of Wisconsin School of MedicineMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biostatistics, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans HospitalUniversity of Wisconsin School of MedicineMadisonUSA

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