Archives of Dermatological Research

, Volume 275, Issue 5, pp 345–349 | Cite as

Normal human skin echogram

  • S. Miyauchi
  • Y. Miki
Original Contributions


Sector B-mode echograms of the stratum corneum from the top of pemphigus foliaceus bulla, 15/1,000 inch split-thickness skin graft including the epidermis and superficial dermis, and the whole skin with subcutaneous fat were compared with histologic sections. The corneo-epidermal and epidermo-dermal interfaces were not delineated either by 5, 10 or 15 MHz transducer. The subcutaneous fat exhibited an almost echolucent zone with weak echoes from the fibrous trabeculae or large blood vessels. Regional differences of in vivo normal skin echograms were studied on the forehead, abdomen, back, upper arm, thigh, lower leg and heel. The presence or absence of the cutaneous muscles, fascia or bone was clearly demonstrated. For the standard echogram of the skin, a 10 MHz transducer was considered appropriate, though the detailed echograms were obtained mostly in the deep dermal and subcutaneous structures.

Key words

Sector B-mode echogram Histological verification Regional differences 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Alexander H, Miller DL (1979) Determining skin thickness with pulsed ultra sound. J Invest Dermatol 72:17–19Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bhagat PK, Kerrick W, Ware RW (1980) Ultrasonic characterization of aging in skin tissue. Ultrasound Med Biol 6:369–375Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chinn DH, Filly RA, Callen PW (1982) Unusual ultrasonographic appearance of a solid schwannoma. J Clin Ultrasound 10:243–245Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cole GW, Handler SJ, Burnett K (1981) The ultrasonic evaluation of skin thickness in scleredema. J Clin Ultrasound 9:501–503Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Daly CH, Wheeler JB (1971) The use of ultrasonic thickness measurement in the clinical evaluation of the oral soft tissues. Int Dent J 21:418–429Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goans RE, Cantrell JH, Meyers FB (1977) Ultrasonic pulse-echo determination of thermal injury in deep dermal burns. Med Phys 4:259–263Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goldberg BB (1975) Ultrasonic evaluation of superficial masses. J Clin Ultrasound 3:91–94Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goss SA, Johston RL, Dunn F (1978) Comprehensive compilation of empirical ultrasonic properties of mammalian tissues. J Acoust Soc Am 64:423–457Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kalus AM, Aindow J, Caulfield MR (1979) Application of ultrasound in assessing burn depth. Lancet I:188–189Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Medsger TA (1980) Skin thickness index of progressive systemic sclerosis. Skin Allergy News 11:26Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Moeller DA, Hirsch J (1982) Ultrasonic evaluation of chronic sporotrichosis. J Clin Ultrasound 10:238–239Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mohar N, Rukavina B, Uremović V (1979a) Ultrasound diagnostics as a method of investigation of plastic induration of the penis. Dermatologica 159:115–124Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Payne PA, Grove GL, Alexander H, Quillian RM, Miller DL (1982) Cross-sectional ultrasonic scanning of skin using plastic film transducers. Bioeng Skin 3:241–246Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rukavina B, Mohar N (1979b) An approach of ultrasound diagnostic techniques of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Dermatologica 158:81–92Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tan CY, Marks R, Roberts E, Guibarra E (1981a) Xeroradiographic and ultrasound techniques in the assessment of skin disorder. In: Marks R, Payne PA (eds) Bioengineering and the skin. MTP Press, Lancaster, pp 215–225Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tan CY, Marks R, Payne P (1981b) Comparison of xeroradiographic and ultrasound detection of corticosteroid induced dermal thinning. J Invest Dermatol 76:126–128Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tan CY, Statham B, Marks R, Payne PA (1982) Skin thickness measurement by pulsed ultrasound: Its reproducibility, validation and variability. Br J Dermatol 106:657–667Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Weinraub Z, Brenner S, Krakowski A, Capsi E (1982) The water cushion in dermatological diagnostic ultrasound: A new method. Dermatologica 164:357–359Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Miyauchi
    • 1
  • Y. Miki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Ehime, School of MedicineEhimeJapan

Personalised recommendations