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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 479–484 | Cite as

Neisseria gonorrhoeae IgA protease. Secretion and implications for pathogenesis

  • J. Pohlner
  • R. Halter
  • T. F. Meyer
Section 3: Outer Membrane Proteins and IgA Protease

Abstract

A cloned 5 bk DNA fragment from Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain MS11 promotes expression and excretion of IgA protease in E. coli and other Gram-negative hosts. DNA sequencing reveals a large open reading frame coding for a prcursor molecule of 169 kd. The 106 kd mature IgA protease is released from the bacteria in conjunction with a 15 kd soluble precursor segment, the α-protein. In contrast, the carboxy terminal portion of the precursor, the β-protein (45 kd), remains associated with the outer bacterial membrane. The three proteins result form autoproteolytic cleavage at sites in the precursor which are similar to the target site in IgA1. Consensus sequences of the specific cleavage sites are found in a number of relevant human proteins. IgA protease may therefore have other natural substrates besides IgA1. The soluble α-protein as well as the membrane bound β-protein, both associated with IgA protease, may confer additional virulence functions to the gonococcus.

Keywords

Cleavage Site Carboxy Natural Substrate Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Bacterial Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Pohlner
    • 1
  • R. Halter
    • 1
  • T. F. Meyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für BiologieTübingenFRG

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