, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 238–253 | Cite as

Molecular biology vs. organicism: The enduring dispute between mechanism and vitalism

  • Hilde Hein


Molecular Biology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    ‘Mechanism and Vitalism as Meta-theoretical Commitments’, Philosophical Forum 1, 2 (Winter, 1968) 185.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    J. D. Watson, The Molecular Biology of the Gene, W. A. Benjamin, New York, 1965, p. 67.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    D. E. Wooldridge, The Machinery of Life, New York, 1966, p. 42.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    E. Sinnott, The Problem of Organic Form, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1963.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Ibid., p. 194.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    F. Crick, Molecules and Men, University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1966, p. 99.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Ibid., p. 26.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Cited in ‘The Cell and the Organism: A Re-examination’ by Sister Adrian Marie, O.P., in Philosophical Problems in Biology (ed. by V. E. Smith), St. John's University Philosophical Series, No. 5, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    B. Commoner, ‘In Defense of Biology’, Science 133 (1961) 1745–48.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    J. D. Bernal, The Origin of Life, World Publishing Co., Cleveland and New York, 1967.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    J. Needham, Time: The Refreshing River, 2nd ed., Allen & Unwin, London, 1948, p. 186.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    G. Wald, ‘The Origin of Life’, Scientific American, Aug. 1954.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    J. Keosian, The Origin of Life, Reinhold, New York, 1964. See also Science 131 (1960) 479.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    A. I. Oparin, The Origin of Life (trans. by S. Morgulis), Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1953.Google Scholar
  15. [14]a
    A. I. Oparin, The Origin of Life on Earth (trans. by A. Synge), Academic Press Inc., New York, 1957.Google Scholar
  16. [14]b
    A. I. Oparin, Life, Its Nature, Origin and Development (trans. by A. Synge), Academic Press, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  17. [15]
    S. L. Miller, Science 117 (1953) 528.Google Scholar
  18. [15]a
    S. L. Miller, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77 (1955) 2351.Google Scholar
  19. [16]
    P. Weiss, ‘The Cell as Unit’, Journal of Theoretical Biology 5 (1963) 389–97.Google Scholar
  20. [17]
    J. Y. Lettvin, H. R. Maturana, W. H. Pitts, and W. S. McCulloch, ‘Two Remarks on the Visual System of the Frog’, in Sensory Communication (ed. by W. A. Rosenblith), MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1961.Google Scholar
  21. [18]
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 20 (1968) 338–340.Google Scholar
  22. [19]
    J. Kendrew, Review of Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology, in Scientific American 216 (1967), March issue.Google Scholar
  23. [20]
    G. Stent, Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology (ed. by J. C. Cairns, G. S. Stent, and J. D. Watson), Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory of Quantitative Biology, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  24. [21]
    F. O. Schmitt, Science 149 (1965) 932, 3687.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hilde Hein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations