Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 41–51 | Cite as

Primary production in Dumbell Bay in the Arctic Ocean

  • S. Apollonio
Article

Abstract

Photosynthesis, chlorophyll, inorganic nutrients, and related factors were measured throughout a productive season in a small coastal inlet of the Arctic Ocean. Significant production was confined to 5 m for a very limited time period beacause of both light and nutrient limitations. Maximum chlorophyll was 8.2 mg Chl a m-3 and maximum “gross” and “net” photosynthesis rates were 830 and 550 mg C m-2 d-1. Annual “gross” and “net” photosynthesis is estimated at about 12 and 9 g C m-2 respectively. The effect of light stimulation on assimilation is described, sources of coastal zone nutrient enrichment are considered, and discrepancies between “gross” and “net” photosynthesis are discussed with reference to the growth characteristics of the phytoplankton population.

Keywords

Chlorophyll Phytoplankton Assimilation Photosynthesis Coastal Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Antia, N. J., C. D. McAllister, T. R. Parsons, K. Stephens and J. D. H. Stickland: Further measurements of primary production using a larger-volume plastic sphere. Limnol. Oceanog. 8, 166–183 (1963)Google Scholar
  2. Apollonio, S.: Hydrobiological measurements on IGY drifting station Bravo. Transac. Am. Geophy. Union 40, 316–319 (1959)Google Scholar
  3. Armstrong, F. A. J.: The determination of silicate in sea water. J. mar. biol. Assoc. U.K. 30, 149–160 (1951)Google Scholar
  4. Bailey, W. B.: On the origin of deep Baffin Bay water. J. Fish Res. Bd Can. 13, 303–308 (1956)Google Scholar
  5. Berman, T. and O. Holm-Hansen: Release of photoassimilated carbon as dissolved organic matter by marine phytoplankton. Mar. Biol. 28, 305–310 (1974)Google Scholar
  6. Blackadar, R. G.: Geological reconnaissance, north coast of Ellesmere Island, arctic archipelago. Northwest Territories. 22 pp. Geol. Surv. Can. Paper No. 53-10 1954Google Scholar
  7. Bruggeman, P. F. and J. A. Calder: Botanical investigation in northeast Ellesmere Island, 1951. Can. Field Nat. 67, 157–174 (1953)Google Scholar
  8. Burkholder, P. F. and E. F. Mandelli: Carbon assimilation of marine phytoplankton in Antarctica. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 54, 437–444 (1965)Google Scholar
  9. Bursa, A.: The annual oceanographic cycle at Igloolik in the Canadian Arct II. The phytoplankton. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 18, 563–615 (1961)Google Scholar
  10. Creitz, G. I. and F. A. Richards: The estimation and characterization of plankton populations by pigment analysis III. A note on the use of “millipore” membrane filters in the estimation of plankton pigments. J. Mar. Res. 14, 211–216 (1955)Google Scholar
  11. Digby, P. S. B.: Plankton production in Scoresby Sound, East Greenland. J. Anim. Ecol. 22, 289–322 (1953)Google Scholar
  12. Dunbar, M. J., M. Dunbar, and D. C. Nutt: The Baffin Bay-North water project. Report Number 1. 71 pp. Arctic Inst. North Am. Res. Paper No. 45. 1967Google Scholar
  13. Duxbury, A. C., and C. S. Yentsch: Plankton pigment nomographs. J. mar. Res. 15, 92–101 (1956)Google Scholar
  14. English, T. S.: Some biological oceanographic observations in the central North Polar Sea, Drift Station Alpha, 1957–1958. 79 pp. Arctic Inst. N. Amer. Sci. Rep. No. 15. Res. Paper No. 13, 1961Google Scholar
  15. Eppley, R. W. and P. R. Sloan: Carbon balance experiments in marine phytoplankton. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 22, 1083–1097 (1965)Google Scholar
  16. Ignatiades, L. and G. E. Fogg: Studies on the factors affecting the release of organic matter by Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve in culture. J. mar. biol. Assoc. U. K. 53(4), 937–955 (1973)Google Scholar
  17. Kawamura, A.: Observations of phytoplankton in the Arctic Ocean in 1964. pp 71–89 Inf. Bull., Planktology in Japan. Comm. Number of Dr. Y. Matsue, 1967Google Scholar
  18. Kinney, P., M. E. Arhelger and D. C. Burrel: Chemical characteristics of mater masses in the Amerasian basin of the Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. 75, 4097–4104 (1970)Google Scholar
  19. Kusunoki, K.: Hydrography of the Arctic Ocean with special reference to the Beaufort Sea. Cont. Inst. Low Temp. Sci. Ser. A. No. 17, 1–74 (1962)Google Scholar
  20. Marshall, P. T.: Primary production in the arctic. J. Cons. 23, 173–178 (1958)Google Scholar
  21. McLaren, I. A.: Primary production and nutrients in Ogac Lake, a landlocked fjord on Baffin Island. J. Fish. Res. Bd Canada 26, 1561–1576 (1969)Google Scholar
  22. Muench, R. D.: The physical oceanography of the northern Baffin Bay Region. 150 pp. Arctic Inst. N. Amer. Sci. Rep. No. 1, 1971Google Scholar
  23. Mullin, J. B. and J. P. Riley: The spectrophotometric determination of nitrate in natural waters with particular reference to sea water. Analyt. Chim. Acta. 12, 464–480 (1955)Google Scholar
  24. Richards, F. A. with T. G. Thompson: The estimation and characterization of plankton populations by pigment analysis: II. A spectrophometric method for the estimation of phytoplankton pigments. J. Mar. Res. 11, 156–172 (1952)Google Scholar
  25. Rusanov, V. P.: Silicon distribution in surface waters of the arctic basin in winter. Oceanol. 14, 669–674 (1974)Google Scholar
  26. Sadler, H. E.: Water, heat, and salt transports through Nares Strait, Ellesmere Island. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 33, 2286–2295 (1976)Google Scholar
  27. Seibert, G. H.: The Baffin Bay-North Water Project Report No. 2. Oceanographic observations in the Lincoln Sea, June 1967. 9 pp., App. 5 figs. Arctic Inst. N. Amer. Res. Paper No. 46, 1968Google Scholar
  28. Steele, J. H. and C. S. Yentsch: The vertical distribution of chlorophyll. J. mar. biol. Assoc. U.K. 39, 217–226 (1960)Google Scholar
  29. Steeman-Nielsen, E.: The use of radio-active carbon (C-14) for measuring organic production in the sea. J. Cons. 18, 117–140 (1952)Google Scholar
  30. Steeman-Nielsen, E. and E. G. Jorgensen: The adaptation of plankton algae 1. General part. Physiol. Plant. 21, 401–413 (1968)Google Scholar
  31. Strickland, J. D. H.: Measuring the production of marine phytoplankton. 172 pp. Bull. Fish. Res. Bd Can. No. 122, (1960)Google Scholar
  32. Strickland, J. D. H.: Production of organic matter in the primary stages of the marine food chain. In: Chemical Oceanogr. Ed. by J. P. Riley and G. Skirrow. New York: Academic Press, 477–610 1965Google Scholar
  33. Sverdrup, H. U.: On conditions for the vernal blooming of phytoplankton. J. Cons. 18, 287–295 (1953)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Apollonio
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ResourcesAugustaUSA

Personalised recommendations