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Occurrence of lysozyme in the common cockle Cerastoderma edule and the effect of the tidal cycle on lysozyme activity

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Abstract

In 1983 a sample of cockles [Cerastoderma edule (L.)] was removed from the mid-tide level at Booterstown Strand, County Dublin, Ireland at 2-h intervals, for a period of 24 h. The gills, mantle and visceral mass tissues contained significant levels of lysozyme, with the gills containing the highest, weight-specific levels. A tidal rhythm of lysozyme activity in the gills, mantle and visceral mass was inversely related to the tidal cycle. The data were best described by a tidal curve shifted-5 hours out of phase, with maximum and minimum levels of activity occurring one hour after low and high tides, respectively. In marine bivalves, lysozyme may be involved in the extracellular digestion and absorption of bacteria during low tide. In this context the present use of bivalves as biological indicators of bacterial pollution is discussed.

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Constribution No. 6282 from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Communicated by J. P. Grassle, Woods Hole

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Conway, N. Occurrence of lysozyme in the common cockle Cerastoderma edule and the effect of the tidal cycle on lysozyme activity. Mar. Biol. 95, 231–235 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00409010

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Keywords

  • Bivalve
  • Lysozyme
  • Mass Tissue
  • High Tide
  • Tidal Cycle