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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 124, Issue 1, pp 1–11 | Cite as

Characterization of an acetate-decarboxylating, non-hydrogen-oxidizing methane bacterium

  • Alexander J. B. Zehnder
  • Beat A. Huser
  • Thomas D. Brock
  • Karl Wuhrmann
Article

Abstract

A methanogenic bacterium, commonly seen in digested sludge and referred to as the “fat rod” or Methanobacterium soehngenii, has been enriched to a monoculture and is characterized. Cells are gramnegative, non-motile and appear as straight rods with flat ends. They form filaments which can grow to great lengths. The structure of the outer cell envelop is similar to Methanospirillum hungatii. The organism grows on a mineral salt medium with acetate as the only organic component. Acetate is the energy source, and methane is formed exclusively from the methyl group. Acetate and carbon dioxide act as sole carbon source and are assimilated in a molar ratio of about 1.9:1. The reducing equivalents necessary to build biomass from these two precursors are obtained from the total oxidation of some acetate. Hydrogen is not used for methane formation and is not needed for growth. Formate is cleaved into hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Coenzyme M was found to be present at levels of 0.35 nmol per mg of dry cells and F420 amounted to 0.55 μg per mg protein. The mean generation time was 9 days at 33°C.

Key words

Methane bacterium Electronmicroscopy Acetate decarboxylation Formate decarboxylation Acetate assimilation CO2 assimilation Growth yield Coenzyme M-F420 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander J. B. Zehnder
    • 1
  • Beat A. Huser
    • 2
    • 3
  • Thomas D. Brock
    • 1
  • Karl Wuhrmann
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BacteriologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZürichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Federal Institute for Water Resources and Water Pollution ControlDübendorfSwitzerland

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