, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 49–51 | Cite as

The significance of water surface-waves in the communication of fire-bellied toads

  • W. Walkowiak
  • H. Münz
Kurze Originalmitteilungen


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    Markl, H., in: Neuroethology and Behavioral Physiology (Huber, F., Markl, H., eds.). Berlin: Springer 1983Google Scholar
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    Schwartz, E., in: Handbook of Sensory Physiology III/3. Berlin: Springer 1974Google Scholar
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    Lörcher, K.: Oecologia (Berl.) 3, 84 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Walkowiak, W.: unpubl. observationsGoogle Scholar
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    During the stimulation experiments amplitudes of the water surface-waves were measured in the pools by using a method described by Rudolph, P.: Z. vergl. Physiol. 56, 341 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Using the attenuation coefficient for 5 Hz water surface-waves (1.3 dB cm−1) de scribed by [1] we calculated a distance up to 50 cm for a wave amplitude above the experimentally determined taxis threshold (30–50 μm).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Walkowiak
    • 1
  • H. Münz
    • 2
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut der UniversitätBonn
  2. 2.Fakultät für Biologie der UniversitätBielefeld

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