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Isolation and characterization of xylose- and xylan-utilizing anaerobic bacteria

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Abstract

By enrichment with xylose, nine mesophilic strains of anaerobic bacteria were obtained from various sources. Two isolates appear to belong to the genus Eubacterium. Six other strains belong to the genus Clostridium. Three of the isolated strains utilized larch wood xylan. The percentage of utilization of xylose and xylan and the yield of fermentation end products — viz. acetic acid and butyric acid-are equivalent to that of Clostridium acetobutylicum (ATCC 824) and reported thermophilic strains.

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Murty, M.V.S., Chandra, T.S. Isolation and characterization of xylose- and xylan-utilizing anaerobic bacteria. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 55, 153–163 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00404755

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Key words

  • anaerobes
  • fermentation
  • hemicellulose
  • xylan
  • xylose