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Zoomorphology

, Volume 115, Issue 2, pp 99–107 | Cite as

Ultrastructure of the metanephridia of Terebratulina retusa and Crania anomala (Brachiopoda)

  • Carsten Lüter
Original Paper

Abstract

Adult specimens of Terebratulina retusa and Crania anomala have one pair of metanephridia. Each metanephridium is composed of a ciliated nephridial funnel (nephrostome) and an outleading nephridial canal, thus, these organs are open ducts connecting the metacoel of the animal with the outer medium. In both species, the inner side of a nephrostome is lined by a columnar monociliated epithelium which contacts the coelothel within one of the two ileoparietal bands. The coelothel contains basal filaments (in C. anomala these are definite myofilaments). The canal epithelium also consists of monociliated columnar cells which differ from the nephrostome epithelial cells in size and some cell components. Within the nephropore, the canal epithelium makes contact with the so-called inner mantle epithelium which lines the mantle cavity. The nephrostome epithelial cells and the canal epithelial cells never contain any contractile filaments. There are always continuous transitions between these different epithelia and distinct borders cannot be observed. The present results, especially in comparison to Phoronida, do not contradict the hypothesis of a coelothelially derived nephridial funnel and an ectodermal nephridial duct in Brachiopoda. But with regard to the differences between Phoronida and Brachiopoda (larval protonephridia and podocytes in the adults are unknown in Brachiopoda), further investigations have to be done to test the hypothesis of such heterogeneously assembled metanephridia.

Keywords

Epithelial Cell Developmental Biology Continuous Transition Cell Component Columnar Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carsten Lüter
    • 1
  1. 1.H. Zoologisches Institut und Museum der UniversitätGöttingenGermany

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