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Utilization of (E)-2-butenoate (Crotonate) by Clostridium kluyveri and some other Clostridium species

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Clostridium La 1 obtained from a Clostridium kluyveri culture was compared with a typical C. kluyvery strain (DSM 555). The former grows on crotonate and is unable to use ethanol-acetate as carbon sources. The latter grows on crotonate only after long adaptation periods. Resting cells of both strains show also pronounced differences in the fermentation of crotonate. This holds even for C. kluyveri grown on crotonate. Besides several other differences the most striking is that there is no hybridization between the DNA of both strains.

Crotonate seems not to be a very special carbon source since C. butyricum and C. pasteurianum grow on crotonate medium supplemented by peptone and yeast extract.

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ethanol and acetate as carbon source


crotonate as carbon source


Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen


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Bader, J., Günther, H., Schleicher, E. et al. Utilization of (E)-2-butenoate (Crotonate) by Clostridium kluyveri and some other Clostridium species. Arch. Microbiol. 125, 159–165 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00403214

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Key words

  • Clostridium kluyveri
  • Crotonate