Archives of Dermatological Research

, Volume 282, Issue 7, pp 442–445 | Cite as

Organ culture of human scalp hair follicles: effect of testosterone and oestrogen on hair growth

  • S. Kondo
  • Y. Hozumi
  • K. Aso
Original Contributions


Whole human scalp hair follicles were cultured. The follicles were dissected from skin pieces of normal scalp and put into 1.5 ml of incubation medium in a closed 5 ml glass tube under an atmosphere of 95% O2 and 5% CO2. The tube was rolled at 15 rpm at 36‡C. Remarkable hair growth was noticed for 7 to 8 days. Hair root sheaths also grew with the hair shafts. The structure of the hair bulbs was well maintained for at least 6 days, and then the hair matrix cells started to degenerate. Fetal calf serum was not essential for hair growth in vitro, but increased the growth rate slowly. Testosterone and oestrogen inhibited hair growth in vitro to a similar extent. The minimum effective doses of both hormones to suppress hair growth were around 5 ng/ml, which corresponds well to the normal plasma level of testosterone in adult males in vivo, suggesting that scalp hair growth may be critically controlled by testosterone in adult males.

Key words

Organ culture Human hair follicle Hair growth Testosterone Oestrogen 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Kondo
    • 1
  • Y. Hozumi
    • 1
  • K. Aso
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyYamagata University School of MedicineYamagata City, YamagataJapan

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