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RFLP analysis of the MHC class III region defines unique haplotypes for the non-obese diabetic, cataract Shionogi and the non-obese non-diabetic mouse strains

Summary

The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse strain which spontaneously develops diabetes is a model for human Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. At least one of several genes controlling diabetes in the NOD mouse has been mapped to the MHC. Although previous experiments have implicated the MHC class II genes in the development of the disease, the existence of other MHC linked susceptibility genes has not been ruled out. In order to identify these susceptibility genes we have further characterized the MHC haplotype of the NOD mouse and two non-diabetic sister strains, the non-obese non-diabetic (NON) and cataract Shionogi (CTS). We have examined the mouse MHC class III region for the presence of homologous genes to 17 newly isolated human MHC class III region genes (G1, G2, G4, G6, G7a/valyl-tRNA synthetase, HSP70, G8, G9, G10, G12, G13, G14, G15, G16, G17 and G18). We detect unique hybridizing DNA fragments for 16 of the 17 genes in six inbred mouse strains (NOD, NON, CTS, B10, BALB/c and CBA/J) indicating that this part of the H-2 region is similar to the human MHC class III region. Using a panel of restriction enzymes we have defined RFLPs for 6 (G2, G6, HSP70, G12, G16, G18) of the 16 cross-hybridizing probes. The RFLPs demonstrate that NOD, NON and CTS mouse strains each have a distinct MHC haplotype in the MHC class III region.

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Lund, T., Shaikh, S., Kendall, E. et al. RFLP analysis of the MHC class III region defines unique haplotypes for the non-obese diabetic, cataract Shionogi and the non-obese non-diabetic mouse strains. Diabetologia 36, 727–733 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00401143

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Key words

  • MHC class III region
  • non-obese diabetic mouse
  • non-obese non-diabetic mouse
  • cataract Shionogi mouse
  • Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus
  • restriction fragment length polymorphisms