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Diabetologia

, Volume 36, Issue 12, pp 1282–1287 | Cite as

The epidemiology of diabetes mellitus in the United Kingdom: The Yorkshire regional childhood diabetes register

  • A. Staines
  • H. J. Bodansky
  • H. E. B. Lilley
  • C. Stephenson
  • R. J. Q. McNally
  • R. A. Cartwright
Originals

Summary

A register of the incidence of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in the Yorkshire region of the United Kingdom has been completed. A total of 1,490 subjects aged between 0 and 16 years were identified from 1978 to 1990, giving an incidence of 13.7 per 100,000 (ages 0–14) or 13.6 per 100,000 (ages 0–16), comparable to other recent studies in the United Kingdom. An age-period-cohort analysis shows evidence for a modest drift effect of 1.75% per year (95% confidence interval 0.28 to 3.25%). There is a marked epidemic pattern with peaks at 4-year intervals. The age-incidence curve is similar to that reported elsewhere, having peaks in early childhood and puberty. Girls have an earlier pubertal peak than boys. There is substantial seasonal variation in incidence confined to those over 5 years of age. Ascertainment is believed to be very complete, and is estimated to be 97.6% (95% confidence interval 97.2% to 98.1%).

Key words

Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus epidemiology aetiology disease registry childhood ascertainment estimates 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Staines
    • 1
  • H. J. Bodansky
    • 2
  • H. E. B. Lilley
    • 1
  • C. Stephenson
    • 2
  • R. J. Q. McNally
    • 1
  • R. A. Cartwright
    • 1
  1. 1.Leukaemia Research Fund Unit for Clinical EpidemiologyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Academic Unit of General MedicineUniversity of Leeds, Leeds General InfirmaryLeedsUK

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