, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 225–229 | Cite as

Floral arrangements and hummingbird feeding

  • F. Reed Hainsworth
  • Theresa Mercier
  • Larry L. Wolf
Original Papers


The influence of simulated inflorescence design on feeding behavior of 3 male Eugenes fulgens (Rivoli's hummingbird) and one female Lampornis clemenciae (Bluethroated hummingbird) was studied in the laboratory using artificial flowers. Five two-dimensional and three three-dimensional arrangements provided constant rewards per artificial flower. Visits to two-dimensional arrangements had more flower visits per feeding bout, proportionally more flower revisits, and shorter time between flowers than visits to three-dimensional arrangements. This suggests inflorescence design may influence pollen movement by hummingbirds.


Artificial Flower Pollen Movement Flower Visit Constant Reward Floral Arrangement 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Reed Hainsworth
    • 1
  • Theresa Mercier
    • 1
  • Larry L. Wolf
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA

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