Marine Biology

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 217–225 | Cite as

Effect of carbon dioxide concentration on calcification in the red coralline alga Bossiella orbigniana

  • A. D. Smith
  • A. A. Roth
Article

Abstract

The relationship between various experimental concentrations of CO2 and calcification in Bossiella orbigniana (Decaisne) was studied by measuring Ca-45 incorporation into the crystalline matrix. Air containing CO2 at partial pressures (PCO2) of 0.04 to 5.5% was bubbled through synthetic seawater in incubation vessels. The resultant pH values in the presence of plants ranged from 6.5 to 8.7. The maximum calcification rate appears to lie between 0.11 and 1.05% PCO2. The data suggest that calcification is controlled by a biological process that may be sensitive to pH and/or to the relative bicarbonate concentration. The data also suggest that a severalfold increase in CO2 over the present atmospheric level might lead to increased calcification in this marine alga.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Abelson, P.: Energy and climate. Science, N.Y. 197, p. 941 (1977)Google Scholar
  2. Adams, J.A.S., M.S.M. Mantovani and L.L. Lundell: Wood versus fossil fuel as a source of excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere: a preliminary report. Science, N.Y. 196, 54–56 (1977)Google Scholar
  3. Baes, C.F., Jr., H.E. Goeller, J.S. Olson and R.M. Rotty: Carbon dioxide and climate: the uncontrolled experiment. Am. Scient. 65, 310–320 (1977)Google Scholar
  4. Bolin, B.: Changes of land biota and their importance for the carbon cycle. Science, N.Y. 196, 613–615 (1977)Google Scholar
  5. Borowitzka, M.A.: Algal calcification. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. A. Rev. 15, 189–223 (1977)Google Scholar
  6. — and A.W.D. Larkum: Calcification in the green alga Halimeda. II. The exchange of Ca2+ and the occurrence of age gradients in calcification and photosynthesis. J. exp. Bot. 27, 864–878 (1976a)Google Scholar
  7. —: Calcification in the green alga Halimeda. II. The exchange of Ca2+ and the occurrence of age gradients in calcification and photosynthesis. J. exp. Bot. 27, 864–878 (1976a)Google Scholar
  8. ——: Calcification in the green alga Halimeda. III. The sources of inorganic carbon for photosynthesis and calcification and a model of the mechanism of calcification. J. exp. Bot. 27, 879–893 (1976b)Google Scholar
  9. ——: Calcification in the green alga Halimeda. I. An ultrastructure study of thallus development. J. Phycol. 13, 6–16 (1977)Google Scholar
  10. Clark, G.R., II: Shell growth in the marine environment: approaches to the problem of marginal calcification. Am. Zool. 16, 617–626 (1976)Google Scholar
  11. Clausen, C.D. and A.A. Roth: Effect of temperature and temperature adaptation on calcification rate in the hermatypic coral Pocillopora damicornis. Mar. Biol. 33, 93–100 (1975)Google Scholar
  12. Coyne, L.: Chemistry in natural water systems. J. chem. Educ. 52, 796–800 (1975)Google Scholar
  13. Crenshaw, M.A.: Coccolith formation by two marine coccolithophorids, Coccolithus huxleyi and Hymenomonas sp., 82 pp. Ph.D. dissertation, Duke University 1964Google Scholar
  14. Culberson, C., R.M. Pytkowicz and J.E. Hawley: Seawater alkalinity determination by the pH method. J. mar. Res. 28, 15–21 (1970)Google Scholar
  15. Darley, W.M.: Silicification and calcification. In: Algal physiology and biochemistry, pp 655–675. Ed. by W.D.P. Stewart. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press 1974. (Bot. Monogr. No. 10)Google Scholar
  16. Digby, F.S.B.: Photosynthesis and respiration in the coralline algae Clathromorphum circumscriptum and Corallina officinalis and the metabolic basis of calcification. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 57, 1111–1124 (1977)Google Scholar
  17. Dixon, W.J. (Ed.) BMD Biomedical computer programs, 773 pp. Berkeley: University of California Press 1974Google Scholar
  18. Goreau, T.F.: Calcium carbonate deposition by coralline algae and corals in relation to their roles as reef-builders. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 109, 127–167 (1963)Google Scholar
  19. Ikemori, M.: Relation of calcium uptake to photosynthetic activity as a factor controlling calcification in marine algae. Bot. Mag., Tokyo 83, 152–162 (1970)Google Scholar
  20. Jolliffe, E.A. and E.B., Tregunna: Studies on HCO3 - ion uptake during photosynthesis in benthic marine algae. Phycologia 9, 293–303 (1970)Google Scholar
  21. Kolesar, P.T.: Factors affecting the magnesium content of calcite secreted by some articulated coralline algae, 131 pp. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Riverside 1973Google Scholar
  22. Lehman, J.T.: Enhanced transport of inorganic carbon into algal cells and its implications for the biological fixation of carbon. J. Phycol. 14, 33–42 (1978)Google Scholar
  23. Leyendekkers, J.V.: The ionic activity function of water and the activity coefficient of the hydrogen ion in seawater. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18, 784–787 (1973)Google Scholar
  24. Lucas, W.J.: Photosynthetic fixation of 14carbon by internodal cells of Chara corallina. J. exp. Bot. 26, 331–346 (1974)Google Scholar
  25. Moss, D.N.: Studies on increasing photosynthesis in crop plants. In: CO2 metabolism and plant productivity, pp 31–41. Ed. by R.H. Burris and C.C. Black. Baltimore: University Park Press 1976Google Scholar
  26. Paasche, E.: A tracer study of the inorganic carbon uptake during coccolith formation and photosynthesis in the coccolithophorid Coccolithus huxleyi. Physiologia P1. 3 (Suppl.), 1–82 (1964)Google Scholar
  27. —: Biology and physiology of coccolithophorids. A. Rev. Microbiol. 22, 71–86 (1968)Google Scholar
  28. Park, P.K.: Oceanic CO2 system: an evaluation of ten methods of investigation. Limnol. Oceanogr. 14, 179–186 (1969)Google Scholar
  29. Pearse, V.B.: Radioisotopic study of calcification in the articulated coralline alga Bossiella orbigniana. J. Phycol. 8, 88–97 (1972)Google Scholar
  30. Plass, G.N.: Carbon dioxide and the climate. Am. Scient. 44, 302–316 (1956)Google Scholar
  31. Robbins, J.V.: The effects of total carbon supply, irradiance, pH, temperature and salinity on short term photosynthesis of Palmaria palmata (L.) Grev. J. Phycol. 13 (Suppl.), p. 58 (1977)Google Scholar
  32. Silva, P.C.: Notes on Pacific marine algae. Madroño 14, 41–51 (1957)Google Scholar
  33. Skirrow, G.: The dissolved gases — carbon dioxide. In: Chemical oceanography. 2nd ed. Vol. II. pp 1–192. Ed. by J.P. Riley and G. Skirrow. London: Academic Press 1975Google Scholar
  34. Smith, A.D.: The effect of carbon dioxide concentration on calcification in the red coralline alga Bossiella orbigniana, 54 pp. Ph.D. dissertation, Loma Linda University 1977Google Scholar
  35. Smith, W.H., Jr. and D.W. Hood: pH measurement in the ocean: a sea water secondary buffer system. In: Ken Sugawara festival volume. Recent researches in the fields of the hydrosphere, atmosphere and nuclear geochemistry, pp 185–202. Ed. by Y. Miyake and T. Koyama. Tokyo: Maruzen Co. 1964Google Scholar
  36. Stark, L.M., L. Almodovar and R.W. Krauss: Factors affecting the rate of calcification in Halimeda opuntia (L.) Lamouroux and Halimeda discoidea Decaisne. J. Phycol. 5, 305–312 (1969)Google Scholar
  37. Steemann Nielsen, E.: Marine photosynthesis, 142 pp. New York: American Elsevier Publishing Co. 1975Google Scholar
  38. Suess, H.E.: Natural radiocarbon. Endeavour 32, 34–38 (1973)Google Scholar
  39. Swift, E. and W.R. Taylor: The effect of pH on the division rate of the coccolithophorid Cricosphaera elongata. J. Phycol. 2, 121–125 (1966)Google Scholar
  40. Thomas, C.M.: Effects of temperature on calcium uptake in Bossiella orbigniana, 101 pp. M.A. thesis, Loma Linda University 1976Google Scholar
  41. Wilbur, K.M., L.H. Colinvaux and N. Watabe: Electron microscope study of calcification in the alga Halimeda (order Siphonales). Phycologia 8, 27–35 (1969)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Smith
    • 1
  • A. A. Roth
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyLoma Linda UniversityLoma LindaUSA

Personalised recommendations