Marine Biology

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 143–150 | Cite as

Two heavy metal-binding proteins in the midgut gland of the crab Carcinus maenas

  • P. S. Rainbow
  • A. G. Scott


Two heavy metal-binding proteins occur naturally in the midgut glands of Carcinus maenas (L.) collected from the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. These proteins, of approximately 27,000 and 11,500 MW (molecular weight) have previously been described as Cd-binding proteins after their induction by high concentrations of cadmium in the laboratory. The ∼27,000 MW heavy metal-binding protein is bound to about 0.10 g-at of Cd, 0.70 g-at of Zn and 0.31 g-at of Cu per mole of protein; 7.7, 7.9 and 1.1%, respectively, of the soluble Cd, Zn and Cu in the midgut gland are associated with this ∼27,000 MW protein (6.7, 1.6 and 0.9% of the total midgut gland Cd, Zn and Cu). The ∼11,500 MW protein is bound to about 0.04 g-at of Cd, 0.37 g-at of Zn and 1.54 g-at of Cu per mole of protein; 29.3, 31.3 and 41.7%, respectively, of the soluble Cd, Zn and Cu in the midgut gland are associated with this protein (25.7, 6.3 and 34.4% of the total midgut gland Cd, Zn and Cu). Neither heavy metal-binding protein is bound to measurable amounts of lead.


Molecular Weight Cadmium Measurable Amount Midgut Gland 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Rainbow
    • 1
  • A. G. Scott
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Comparative PhysiologyQueen Mary CollegeLondonEngland

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