Marine Biology

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 29–39

Zonation of corals (Scleractinia: Coelenterata) on intertidal reef flats at Ko Phuket, Eastern Indian Ocean

  • H. Ditlev
Article

Abstract

The intertidal zonation on sheltered reef flats at Ko Phuket is described, with the emphasis on the vertical zonation in relation to tolerance to emergence. Zonation is compared to that on reef flats described in the literature. Factors limiting vertical growth are discussed. A terminology is proposed for the description of intertidal reef flats, following the system of associations developed for subtidal reefs. It is shown that intertidal coral growth is best developed on sheltered places around larger, high islands and on continental coasts; that coincidence of extreme low tide and maximum insolation is a major limiting factor; and that rain during emersion is not necessarily fatal for coral growth.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Abe, N.: Ecological survey of Iwayama Bay, Palao. Palao trop. biol. Stn Stud. 1, 217–324 (1937)Google Scholar
  2. Braithwaite, C.J.R.: Seychelles reefs: structure and development. Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. 28, 39–63 (1971)Google Scholar
  3. Crossland, C.: Notes on the ecology of the reefbuilders of Tahiti. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 71, 717–735 (1928)Google Scholar
  4. Ditlev, H.: Stony corals from the west coast of Thailand. Res. Bull. Phuket mar. Biol. Cent. 13, 1–14 (1976)Google Scholar
  5. Edmondson, C.H.: The ecology of an Hawaiian coral reef. Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 45, 1–64 (1928)Google Scholar
  6. Eguchi, M.: A systematic study of the reefbuilding corals of the Palao Islands. Palao trop. biol. Stn Stud. 3, 325–390 (1938)Google Scholar
  7. Fishelson, L.: Ecological and biological phenomena influencing coral-species composition on the reef tables at Eilat (Gulf of Agaba, Red Sea). Mar. Biol. 19, 183–196 (1973)Google Scholar
  8. Frith, D.R., R. Tantanasiriwong and O. Bhatia: Zonation of the macrofauna on a mangrove shore, Phuket Island. Res. Bull. Phuket mar. Biol. Cent. 10, 1–37 (1976)Google Scholar
  9. Glynn, P.W.: Some physical and biological determinations of coral community structure in the Eastern Pacific. Ecol. Monogr. 46, 431–456 (1976)Google Scholar
  10. Guppy, H.B.: The Cocos-Keeling Islands. Scott. geogr. Mag. 5, 281–297, 457–474, 569–588 (1889)Google Scholar
  11. Hedley, M.: The natural destruction of a coral reef. Rep. Gt barrier Reef Comm. 1, 35–40 (1924)Google Scholar
  12. Kawaguti, S.: Coral fauna of the Island of Botel Tobago. Biol. J. Okayama Univ. 1, 185–201 (1953)Google Scholar
  13. Loya, Y.: Community structure and species diversity of hermatypic corals at Eilat, Red Sea. Mar. Biol. 13, 100–123 (1972)Google Scholar
  14. —: Recolonization of Red Sea corals affected by man made perturbations and natural catastrophies. Ecology 57, 278–298 (1976)Google Scholar
  15. — and L.B. Slobodkin: The coral reefs of Eilat (Gulf and Eilat, Red Sea). Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. 28, 117–139 (1971)Google Scholar
  16. Marshall, S.M. and A.P. Orr: Sedimentation on Low Islands and its relation to coral growth. Scient. Rep. Gt Barrier Reef Exped. 1, 93–133 (1931)Google Scholar
  17. Mayor, A.G.: Ecology of the Murray Island coral reef. Pap. Dep. mar. Biol. Carnegie Instn Wash. 9, 1–48 (1918)Google Scholar
  18. —: The reefs of Tutulia, Samoa, in their relation to coral growth theories. Proc. Am. phil. Soc. 59, 1–25 (1920)Google Scholar
  19. —: Structure and ecology of Samoan reefs. Pap. Dep. mar. Biol. Carnegie Instn Wash. 19, 1–25 (1924)Google Scholar
  20. Nielsen, C.: Notes on the boring bivalves from Phuket, Thailand. Ophelia 15, 141–145 (1976a)Google Scholar
  21. —: An illustrated checklist of the bivalves from P.M.B.C. beach with a reef flat at Phuket, Thailand. Res. Bull. Phuket mar. Biol. Cent. 9, 1–25 (1976b)Google Scholar
  22. Pichon, M.: Contribution à l'étude de la répartition des madréporaies sur le récif de Tuléar, Madagascar. Recl Trav. Stn mar. Endoume (Fasc. hors-sér. Suppl.) 2, 81–203 (1964)Google Scholar
  23. Ren-Lin, Z., M. Jiang-Hu and S. Shan-Wen: A preliminary study on the vertical zonation of the coral reef of Hainan Island. [In Chinese, with English summary]. Oceanologia Limnol. sin. 8, 153–162 (1966)Google Scholar
  24. Rosen, B.R.: Principal features of the reef coral ecology in shallow water environments of Mahé, Seychelles. Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. 28, 163–183 (1971)Google Scholar
  25. —: The distribution of reef corals. Rep. Underwater Ass. (N.S.) 1, 1–16 (1975)Google Scholar
  26. Stoddart, D.R.: Ecology and morphology of Recent coral reefs. Biol. Rev. 44, 433–498 (1969)Google Scholar
  27. —: Environment and history in Indian Ocean reef morphology. Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. 28, 3–38 (1971)Google Scholar
  28. Talbot, F.H.: A description of the coral structure of Tutia reef (Tanganyika territory, East Africa), and its fish fauna. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 145, 431–470 (1965)Google Scholar
  29. Taylor, J.D.: Coral reefs and associated invertebrate communities (mainly molluscan) around Mahé, Seychelles. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. (Ser. B) 254, 129–206 (1968)Google Scholar
  30. Vaughan, T.W.: Results of investigation of the ecology of the Floridian and Bahaman shoalwater corals. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2, 95–100 (1916)Google Scholar
  31. Vine, P.J.: Effects of algal grazing and aggressive behaviour of the fishes Pomacentrus lividus and Acanthurus sohal on coral-reef ecology. Mar. Biol. 24, 131–136 (1974)Google Scholar
  32. Wells, J.W.: Coral reefs. Mem. geol. Soc. Am. 67, 609–631 (1957)Google Scholar
  33. Wood-Jones, F.: Corals and atolls, 392 pp. London: L. Reeve 1910Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Ditlev
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Phuket Marine Biological Center (PMBC)PhuketThailand
  2. 2.Institute of Ecology and GeneticsUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark

Personalised recommendations