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Interrelationships between sulfate reducing and methane producing bacteria in coastal sediments with intense sulfide production

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Abstract

Coastal sediments receiving different amounts of organic carbon through sedimentation were investigated with respect to sulfate reduction and methanogenic activity. Sampling was carried out at sediment temperatures of 7° and 15°C. Sulfate-reducing and methanogenic bacteria were found at all depths. Sulfate reduction decreased with depth and the highest sulfide concentrations were found a few centimeters below the sediment surface, up to 15 mM at 15°C and pH 7.1. In the same segments a maximum in the methane concentration was also found, 0.91 mM. The high sulfide concentration inhibited the methane formation from acetate but not from carbon dioxide. In the organic rich sediment sulfate reduction was limited by the diffusion of SO 4 + into the sediment and methane production from acetate by sulfide diffusion out of the sediment. When electron acceptor concentration limits sulfate reduction, thermodynamic calculations show that the utilization of electron donors more reduced than acetate is favored. In the sediment with the high carbon-input, acetate predominated at 15°C whereas in the low carbon-input sediment hardly any short chain organic acids were detected. The possibility of a shift in sulfate reduction from acetate oxidation to acetate production is discussed.

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Communicated by T. Fenchel, Aarhus

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Gunnarsson, L.Å.H., Rönnow, P.H. Interrelationships between sulfate reducing and methane producing bacteria in coastal sediments with intense sulfide production. Mar. Biol. 69, 121–128 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00396891

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Keywords

  • Sulfate Reduction
  • Methane Production
  • Methane Concentration
  • Coastal Sediment
  • Acetate Production