Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Soil nitrogen patterns induced by colonization of Polygonum cuspidatum on Mt. Fuji

  • 111 Accesses

  • 46 Citations

Summary

The spatial pattern of soil nitrogen was analyzed for a patchy vegetation formed by the colonization of Polygonum cuspidatum in a volcanic “desert” on Mt. Fuji. Soils were sampled radially from the bare ground to the center of the patch, and analyses were done for bulk density, water content, soil acidity, organic matter, organic nitrogen, and ammonium and nitrate nitrogen. The soils matured with succession from the bare ground through P. cuspidatum to Miscanthus oligostachyus and Aster ageratoides sites: bulk density decreased, and water content, organic matter, organic nitrogen, and ammonium nitrogen increased. Nitrate nitrogen showed the highest values at the P. cuspidatum site. Application of principal component analysis to the soil data discriminated two component factors which control the variation of soil characteristics: the first factor is related to soil formation and the second factor to nitrogen mineralization and nitrification. The effect of soil formation on nitrogen mineralization and nitrification was analyzed with a first-order kinetic model. The decreasing trends with soil formation in the ratios of mineral to organic nitrogen and of nitrate to ammonium nitrogen could be accounted for by the higher activity of immobilization by microorganisms and uptake by plants in the more mature ecosystem.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Alexander M (1977) Introduction to soil microbiology. 2nd ed. Wiley, New York

  2. Barth RC, Klemmedson JO (1978) Shrub-induced spatial patterns of dry matter, nitrogen, and organic carbon. Soil Sci Soc Amer J 42:804–809

  3. Bormann FH, Likens GE (1979) Pattern and process in a forested ecosystem. Springer, New York

  4. Bremner JM (1965) Total nitrogen. In: Black CC (ed), Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Amer Soc Agron, Madison, Wisconsin. pp 1149–1178

  5. Chapin III FS (1980) The mineral nutrition of wild plants. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 11:233–260

  6. Charley JL, West NE (1975) Plant-induced soil chemical patterns in some shrub-dominated semi-desert ecosystems of Utah. J Ecol 63:945–963

  7. Crocker RL, Major J (1955) Soil development in relation to vegetation and surface age at Glacier Bay, Alaska. J Ecol 43:427–448

  8. Ellenberg H (1971) Nitrogen content, mineralization and cycling. In: Duvigneaud P (ed), Productivity of forest ecosystems, Proc Brussels Symp UNESCO, Paris. pp 509–514

  9. Garcia-Moya E, McKell CM (1970) Contribution of shrubs to the nitrogen economy of a desert-wash plant community. Ecology 51:81–88

  10. Gorham E, Vitousek PM, Reiners WA (1979) The regulation of chemical budgets over the course of terrestrial ecosystem succession. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 10:53–84

  11. Granhall U (1981) Biological nitrogen fixation in relation to environmental factors and functioning of natural ecosystems. In: Clark FE, Rosswall T (eds), Terrestrial nitrogen cycles. Ecol Bull (Stockholm) 33:131–144

  12. Haines BL (1977) Nitrogen uptake: Apparent pattern during old field succession in southeastern U.S. Oecologia (Berlin) 26:295–303

  13. Huzimura I (1971) The climate and weather of Mt. Fuji. In: Fujisan (Mt. Fuji), Fuji-Kyuko Co, Tokyo. pp 211–345 (in Japanese with English summary)

  14. Jenny H (1941) Factors of soil formation. McGraw-Hill, New York

  15. Jenny H (1980) The soil resource, Springer, New York

  16. Jones JM, Richards BN (1977) Effect of reforestation on turnover of 15N-labelled nitrate and ammonium in relation to changes in soil microflora. Soil Biol Biochem 9:383–392

  17. Lamb D (1980) Soil nitrogen mineralisation in a secondary rainforest succession. Oecologia (Berlin) 47:257–263

  18. Maruta E (1981) Size structure in Polygonum cuspidatum on Mt. Fuji. Jap J Ecol 31:441–445 (in Japanese with English summary)

  19. Montes RA, Christensen NL (1979) Nitrification and succession in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Forest Sci 25:287–297

  20. Paul EA, Juma NG (1981) Mineralization and immobilization of soil nitrogen by microorganisms. In: Clark FE, Rosswall T (eds) Terrestrial nitrogen cycles. Ecol Bull (Stockholm) 33. pp 179–195

  21. Purchase BS (1974) The influence of phosphate deficiency on nitrification. Plant Soil 41:541–547

  22. Rice EL, Pancholy SK (1973) Inhibition of nitrification by climax vegetation. Amer J Bot 59:1033–1040

  23. Rice EL, Pancholy SK (1973) Inhibition of nitrification by climax ecosystems. II. Additional evidence and possible role of tannins. Amer J Bot 60:691–702

  24. Robertson GP, Vitousek PM (1981) Nitrification potentials in primary and secondary succession. Ecology 62:376–386

  25. Skujins J (1981) Nitrogen cycling in arid ecosystems. In: Clark FE, Rosswall T (eds) Terrestial nitrogen cycles. Ecol Bull (Stockholm) 33. pp 477–491

  26. Sprent JI (1979) The biology of nitrogen-fixing organisms. McGraw-Hill, London

  27. Stevens PR, Walker TW (1970) The chronosequence concept and soil formation. Quar Rev Biol 45:333–350

  28. Tanji KK, Gupta SK (1978) Computer simulation modeling for nitrogen in irrigated croplands. In: Nielsen DR, MacDonald JG (eds) Nitrogen in the environment. Vol 1. Nitrogen behavior in field soil. Academic Press, New York. pp 79–130

  29. Technicon (1971) Nitrate and nitrite in water and waste water. Technicon Auto-Analyzer II industrial method. no 100. Technicon, Inc, New York

  30. Technicon (1976) Individual/simultaneous determination of nitrogen and/or phosphorus in BD acid digests Technicon Auto-Analyzer II industrial method. no 329. Technicon, Inc, New York

  31. Tiedemann AR, Klemmedson JO (1973) Nutrient availability in desert grassland soils under mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) trees and adjacent open areas. Soil Sci Soc Amer Proc 37:107–111

  32. Tsuya H (1971) Topography and geology of volcano Mt Fuji. In: Fujisan (Mt. Fuji). Fuji-Kyuko Co, Inc, Tokyo (in Japanese with English summary). pp 1–149

  33. Vasek FC, Lund LJ (1980) Soil characteristics associated with a primary plant succession on a Mojave desert dry lake. Ecology 61:1013–1018

  34. Verstraete W (1981) Nitrification. In: Clark FE, Rosswall T (eds) Terrestrial nitrogen cycles. Ecol Bull (Stockholm) 33. pp 303–314

  35. Vitousek PM (1981) Clear-cutting and the nitrogen cycle. In: Clark FE, Rosswall T (eds) Terrestrial nitrogen cycles. Ecol Bull (Stockholm) 33. pp 631–642

  36. Vitousek PM, Mellilo JM (1979) Nitrate losses from disturbed forests: Patterns and mechanisms. Forest Sci 25:605–619

  37. Vitousek PM Reiners WA (1975) Ecosystem succession and nutrient retention: A hypothesis. Bio Science 25:376–381

  38. Woldendorp JW (1978) The rhizosphere as part of the plant-soil system. In: Freysen AHJ, Woldendorp JW (eds) Structure and functioning of plant populations. North-Holland Publishing Co, Amsterdam. pp 237–267

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to T. Hirose.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hirose, T., Tateno, M. Soil nitrogen patterns induced by colonization of Polygonum cuspidatum on Mt. Fuji. Oecologia 61, 218–223 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00396764

Download citation

Keywords

  • Organic Matter
  • Immobilization
  • Bulk Density
  • Soil Acidity
  • Organic Nitrogen