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I thank F.L. Johnson for politely suggesting that the curiously severed twigs I showed to him were not the result of clever nut-gathering squirrels, but insects instead. W. Sheppard verified the beetle's identification. H. Brown, J.A. Chemsak, A. Malcolm Gill, S. Harvey, A. Lewis, P. Risser and W. Sheppard all edited and criticized initial manuscripts. I received generous travel support from both the Oklahoma Biological Survey and the Department of Botany-Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman.
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Forcella, F. Why twig-girdling beetles girdle twigs. Naturwissenschaften 69, 398–400 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00396699