Naturwissenschaften

, Volume 71, Issue 6, pp 327–328 | Cite as

Warm and cold receptors in the nose of the vampire bat Desmodus rotundas

  • L. Kürten
  • U. Schmidt
  • K. Schäfer
Kurze Originalmitteilungen

References

  1. 1.
    Kürten, L., Schmidt, U.: J. Comp. Physiol. 146, 223 (1982)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kürten, L., Schmidt, U.: Z. Säugetierk. 47, 193 (1982)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For anatomy of nose see [1]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A water-circulated thermode with a tip diameter of 3 mm that was in close contact with the skin surface was connected with seven thermostats set at 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40 °C. Cooling and warming steps of 5 °C were applied with constant phases between the steps so that the receptor could adapt to the single temperatures. The same method has been used before by several authors, cf. Duclaux, R., Schäfer, K., Hensel, H.: J. Neurophysiol. 43, 1571 (1980)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The maximal value read at a spike counter (set at 0.5 s) during a dynamic response was considered as the maximal dynamic response (in Hz).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    For references see: Hensel, H.: Thermoreceptors and temperature regulation. London: Academic Press 1981Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Duclaux, R., Kenshalo, D.R.: J. Neurophysiol. 43, 1 (1980); Hensel, H.: Pflügers Arch. 313, 150 (1969); Hensel, H., Iggo, A.: ibid. 329, 1 (1971)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schäfer, K., Braun, H.A., Hensel, H., in: Thermal Physiology (Hales, J.R.S., ed.). New York: Raven 1984Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    De Cock Buning, et al.: Cell. Mol. Neurobiol. 1, 69, 271 (1981); Hensel, H., Schäfer, K.: Pflügers Arch. 392, 95 (1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Kürten
    • 1
  • U. Schmidt
    • 1
  • K. Schäfer
    • 2
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut der UniversitätBonn
  2. 2.Zoophysiologisches Institut der Universität HohenheimStuttgart

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