Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 3, Issue 3–4, pp 391–398

Meadow birds as indicators

  • A. J. Beintema
Indicator In Complex Systems

DOI: 10.1007/BF00396234

Cite this article as:
Beintema, A.J. Environ Monit Assess (1983) 3: 391. doi:10.1007/BF00396234


The use of birds as indicators for ‘biological qualities’ is not without risks, and should always be based on a sound knowledge of population dynamics and ecological requirements of the species involved. Meadow birds form a comparatively well-studied group of waders, which breed in Dutch grasslands, heavily influenced by agricultural management. The individual species show different tolerances to intensity levels of management, and can therefore be used as indicators for these levels.

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Beintema
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Nature ManagementLeersumThe Netherlands

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