Rheologica Acta

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 429–437

On the damping function of shear relaxation modulus for entangled polymers

  • K. Osaki
Original Contributions

Abstract

Published data of the damping function of the shear relaxation modulus, h(γ), are reviewed. This is the ratio of the relaxation modulus measured at a finite magnitude of shear, γ, to that at the limit of γ = 0. Majority of the data are in accord with the universal function of the Doi-Edwards tube model theory, in which the damping or the decrease of h(γ) is attributed to the contraction along the tube of extended polymer chains. The weaker damping seems to be attributed to 1) comb-branching such as in LDPE; 2) lack of entanglement in too short chains; 3) bimodal molecular weight distribution. However, a star-branching does not cause a deviation from the tube model theory and a broadness of molecular weight distribution is not a major origin of a weaker damping. A star-branched polystyrene with 15 arms exhibits no strain dependence: h(γ) = 1. For highly entangled systems with more than 50 entanglement points per molecule, the strain dependence is stronger than that of the Doi-Edwards theory. This could be due to a slip or an instability of deformation in the material.

Key words

Polymer entanglement nonlinear viscoelasticity damping function relaxation modulus tube model 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Osaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Chemical ResearchKyoto UniversityUji, KyotoJapan

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