Advertisement

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 39, Issue 1–3, pp 385–398 | Cite as

Linking satellite and field survey data, through the use of gis, as implemented in Great Britain in the Countryside Survey 1990 project

  • Morna K. Gillespie
  • D. C. Howard
  • M. J. Ness
  • R. M. Fuller
Global to Local Modelling

Abstract

The Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) has been studying land use and the effects of land use on ecology for two decades. A series of national field surveys have been undertaken by the Land Use Section of ITE since 1978, the most recent being Countryside Survey 1990 (CS1990). The three-year project brought together field survey and remote sensing data which were analyzed using Geographical Information Systems (GIS). National and regional land-cover patterns were described and changes estimated.

The data collected by the field survey part of CS1990 recorded stratified samples based on a land classification. Thematic maps for surveyed 1-km squares covered physiography, agriculture and semi-natural vegetation, forestry, structures and boundaries. The same sites were surveyed in 1984 and 1990 with 14 000 digital maps produced describing both years. GIS was used to generate stock figures for each year, and overlay allowed change between survey dates to be estimated.

GIS was used to compare data collected from both field survey and satellite imagery so that both sets of information could be qualified when expressed as national figures.

This paper describes the historical development of the ITE Land Classification, examines the way in which data were collected for surveys, with particular reference to Countryside Survey 1990, and shows how satellite and field survey data can be linked through GIS.

Keywords

Geographical Information System Historical Development Geographical Information System Field Survey Stratify Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. BarrC.J., BunceR.G.H., ClarkeR.T., FullerR.M., FurseM.T., GillespieM.K., GroomG.B., HallamC.J., HornungM., HowardD.C. and NessM.J.: 1993, ‘Countryside Survey 1990: main report’, Countryside 1990 Series, Dep. Environ., UK, Vol. 2, 174 pp.Google Scholar
  2. BarrC.J.: 1990, ‘Countryside Survey 1990 field handbook’, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, UK, 46 pp.Google Scholar
  3. BarrC.J., BenefieldC.B., BunceR.G.H., RidsdaleH. and WhittakerM.: 1986, ‘Landscape changes in Britain’, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, UK, 23 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Barr, C.J., Gillespie, M.K., and Howard, D.C.: 1994, ‘Hedgerow survey 1993 (Stock and change estimates of hedgerow length in England and Wales, 1990–1993)’, Report to the Dep. Environ., Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, UK, 25 pp.Google Scholar
  5. BunceR.G.H. and HealO.W.: 1984, ‘Landscape evaluation and the impact of changing land-use on the rural environment: the problem and an approach’, In: R.D.Roberts and T.M.Roberts (eds.), Planning and Ecology, Chapman and Hall, London, UK, pp. 164–188.Google Scholar
  6. Bunce, R.G.H., Howard, D.C., Clarke, R.T. and Lane, M.: 1991, ‘The ITE Land Classification: classification of all 1-km squares in GB’, Report to the Dep. Environ., Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, UK, 74 pp.Google Scholar
  7. FullerR.M., GroomG.B. and JonesA.R.: 1994a, ‘The LCM of Great Britain: an automated classification of Landsat Thematic Mapper data’, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 60, 553–562.Google Scholar
  8. FullerR.M., GroomG.B. and WallisS.M.: 1994b, ‘The availability of Landsat TM images for Great Britain’, International Journal of Remote Sensing 15, 1357–1362.Google Scholar
  9. Fuller, R.M., Jones, A.R. and Wyatt, B.K.: 1989a, ‘Remote sensing for ecological research: problem and possible solutions’, In: E.C. Barnett and K.A. Brown (eds.), Remote Sensing for Operational Applications, 15th annual Conference of the Remote Sensing Society, Reading, UK, pp. 155–164.Google Scholar
  10. FullerR.M., ParsellR.J., OliverM. and WyattG.: 1989b, ‘Visual and computer classifications of remotely sensed images: a case study of grasslands in Cambridgeshire’, International Journal of Remote Sensing 10, 1901–1917.Google Scholar
  11. FullerR.M. and ParsellR.J.: 1990, ‘Classification of TM imagery in the study of land use in lowland Britain: practical considerations for operational use’, International Journal of Remote Sensing 11, 1901–1917.Google Scholar
  12. Howard, D.C., Barr, C.J. and Fuller, R.M.: 1995, ‘Using GIS to link ecological information recorded from ground, air and space: examples from the Countryside 1990 project’, Journal of Biogeography 22, (in press).Google Scholar
  13. Howard, D.C. and Bunce, R.G.H.: 1996, ‘The Countryside Information System—a strategic level decision support system’, Environ. Monitor. and Assessm. (this volume).Google Scholar
  14. Prosser, M.V. and Wallace, H.L.: 1992, ‘1990 Countryside Survey: quality assurance exercise’, Report to Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Ecological Surveys, Bangor, UK, 26 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Reynolds, A.E.: 1994, ‘Using GIS techniques to support siting of wind turbines: towards a quantitative estimate of the wind resources in the UK’, MA Thesis, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, 70 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Scott, J.A.: 1993, ‘The potential for using a Geographical Information System to model the spread of bracken’, MSc Thesis, Department of Biology and Computer Science, University of York, UK, 99 pp.Google Scholar
  17. WyattB.K., Greatorex DaviesN., BunceR.G.H., FullerR.M. and HillM.O.: 1994, ‘Comparison of land cover definitions’, Countryside 1990 Series, Dep. Environ., UK, Vol. 4, 131 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morna K. Gillespie
    • 1
  • D. C. Howard
    • 1
  • M. J. Ness
    • 1
  • R. M. Fuller
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Terrestrial EcologyMerlewood Research StationGrange-over-SandsUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Institute of Terrestrial EcologyAbbots RiptonUnited Kingdom

Personalised recommendations