Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 511–514 | Cite as

Removal and inactivation of botulinum toxins during production of drinking water from surface water

  • S. Notermans
  • A. H. Havelaar
Netherlands Society for Microbiology Meeting at Rotterdam on 8 May 1980 Section for Food Microbiology

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References

  1. KitamuraM., SakaguchiS. and SakaguchiG. 1968. Purification and some properties of Clostridium botulinum type E toxin. — Biochim. Biophys. Acta 168: 207–217.Google Scholar
  2. KozakiS., SakaguchiS. and SakaguchiG. 1974. Purification and some properties of progenitor toxins of Clostridium botulinum type B. — Infect. Immun. 10: 750–756.Google Scholar
  3. NotermansS., HavelaarA. and SchellartJ. 1980. The occurrence of Clostridium botulinum in raw water storage areas and their elimination in water treatment plants. — Water Res. 14: 1631–1635.Google Scholar
  4. ReedL. J. and MuenchH. 1938. A simple method for estimating fifty percent endpoints. — Am. J. Hyg. 27: 493–497.Google Scholar
  5. SugiiS. and SakaguchiG. 1975. Molecular construction of Clostridium botulinum type A toxins. — Infect. Immun. 12: 126–127.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© H. Veenman en Zonen B.V. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Notermans
    • 1
  • A. H. Havelaar
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Zoonoses and Food MicrobiologyNational Institute of Public HealthBilthovenThe Netherlands

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