Planta

, Volume 165, Issue 2, pp 197–204 | Cite as

Plastid changes during the conversion of chloroplasts to chromoplasts in ripening tomatoes

  • B. Bathgate
  • M. E. Purton
  • D. Grierson
  • P. W. Goodenough
Article

Abstract

Methods were developed for the isolation of plastids from mature green and ripening tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and purification by sucrose or Percoll density-gradient centrifugation. Assessment of the purity of preparations involved phase-contrast and electron microscopy, assays for marker enzymes and RNA extraction and analysis. Proteins were extracted from isolated plastids at different ripening stages and separated by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The profiles obtained from chloroplasts and chromoplasts showed many qualitative and quantitative differences. Labelling of proteins with [35S]methionine in vivo showed that there was active protein synthesis throughout ripening, but there was a change in the plastid proteins made as ripening proceeded. The cellular location of synthesis of specific proteins has yet to be established.

Key words

Chloroplast (conversion to chromoplast) Chromoplast Fruit ripening Lycopersicon (plastids) Plastid development 

Abbreviations

CS

citrate synthase

EDTA

ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid,-acetate

GAPDH

NADP+-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

rRNA

ribosomal RNA

SDS

sodium dodecyl sulphate

SDS-PAGE

SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

Tris

2-amino-2(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Bathgate
    • 1
  • M. E. Purton
    • 1
  • D. Grierson
    • 1
  • P. W. Goodenough
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and Environmental ScienceUniversity of Nottingham, School of AgricultureLoughboroughUK
  2. 2.Department of Food and BeveragesLong Ashton Research StationBristolUK

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