Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Lactate formation in Callianassa californiensis and Upogebia pugettensis (Crustacea: Thalassinidea)


The ability to accumulate lactate as a result of laboratory exposure to anoxia was examined in 2 species of mud-dwelling shrimp, the ghost shrimp Callianassa californiensis and the mud shrimp Upogebia pugettensis. Hemolymph lactate accumulated to a much greater degree in the mud shrimp, even though the overall levels of lactate dehydrogenase activity were similar in tissues of the two species. Carbohydrate reserves, estimated as glycogen, were not significantly depleted in muscle or midgut gland of either species as a result of anoxic stress. The results are discussed in relation to possible metabolic strategies employed to cope with the hypoxic environment of these crustaceans.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature Cited

  1. Boulton, A.P. and A.K. Huggins: Glycolytic activity in crustaceans. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 33, 491–498 (1970)

  2. Dendinger, J.E. and F. Schatzlein: Carbohydrate metabolism in the striped shore crab, Pachygrapsus crassipes. II. Glycolytic rates of muscle, gill and hepatopancreas. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 46B, 699–708 (1973)

  3. Good, C.A., H. Kramer and M. Somogyi: The determination of glycogen. J. biol. Chem. 100, 485–491 (1933)

  4. Hammen, C.S.: Lactate and succinate oxidoreductases in marine invertebrates. Mar. Biol. 4, 233–238 (1969)

  5. — and S.C. Lum: D-lactate oxidation in a marine gastropod and a sea urchin. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 42B, 123–129 (1972)

  6. Hochachka, P.W. and T. Mustafa: Invertebrate facultative anaerobiosis. Science, N.Y. 178, 1056–1060 (1972)

  7. — and G. Somero: Strategies of biochemical adaptation, 358 pp. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders 1973

  8. —, J.M. Teal and M. Telford: Pathways of carbohydrate metabolism in lobster hepatopancreas. Can. J. Biochem. Physiol. 40, 1043–1050 (1962)

  9. Huggins, A.K.: Intermediary metabolism in Carcinus maenas. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 18, 283–290 (1966)

  10. — and K.A. Munday: Crustacean metabolism. Adv. comp. Physiol. Biochem. 3, 271–378 (1968)

  11. Kermak, W.O., H. Lees and J.D. Wood: Enzymes of lobster tissues. Biochem. J. 57, 22–23 (1954)

  12. Miller, K.I., A.W. Pritchard and P.S. Rutledge: Respiratory regulation and the role of the blood in the burrowing shrimp Callianassa californiensis (Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Mar. Biol. 36, 233–242 (1976)

  13. Montgomery, R.: Determination of glycogen. Archs Biochem. Biophys. 67, 378–386 (1957)

  14. Phillips, J.W., R.J.W. McKinney, F.J.R. Hird and D.L. Macmillan: Lactic acid formation crustaceans and the liver function of the midgut gland questioned. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 56B, 427–433 (1977)

  15. Puyear, R.L., C.H. Wang and W.W. Pritchard: Catabolic pathways of carbohydrate in the intermoult crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 14, 145–153 (1965)

  16. Stewart, J.E., J.R. Dingle and P.H. Odense: Constituents of the hemolymph of the lobster, Homarus americanus Milne Edwards. Can. J. Biochem. 44, 1447–1459 (1966)

  17. Teal, J.M. and F.G. Carey: The metabolism of marsh crabs under conditions of reduced oxygen pressure. Physiol. Zoöl. 40, 83–91 (1967)

  18. Thompson, R.K. and A.W. Pritchard: Respiratory adaptations of two burrowing crustaceans, Callianassa californiensis and Upogebia pugettensis (Decapoda, Thalassinidea). Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 136, 274–287 (1969)

  19. VanWeel, P.B.: Hepatopancreas? Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 47A, 1–9 (1974)

  20. Winget, R.R., A.M. Rouse and D. Maurer: Seasonal fluctuations of brachyuran nutrient storage: glycogen in Callinectes midgut glands. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 56A, 69–71 (1977)

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to A. W. Pritchard.

Additional information

Communicated by M.R. Tripp, Newark

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pritchard, A.W., Eddy, S. Lactate formation in Callianassa californiensis and Upogebia pugettensis (Crustacea: Thalassinidea). Mar. Biol. 50, 249–253 (1979).

Download citation


  • Carbohydrate
  • Lactate
  • Ghost
  • Great Degree
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase