Marine Biology

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 79–84 | Cite as

Genetic differentiation independent of intertidal gradients in the pulmonate limpet Siphonaria kurracheensis

  • R. Black
  • M. S. Johnson


The intertidal limpet Siphonaria kurracheensis (Reeve, 1856) has a bimodal vertical distribution of abundance on rocky shores at Rottnest Island, Western Australia. An electrophoretic study of 5 polymorphic enzymes revealed no consistent genetic differences between adults high and low on the shore. Contrasting with this absence of a detectable genetic response to the steep environmental gradients in the intertidal zone, there were genetic differences among low-shore adults from different sites, and between adults and recruits. This genetic differentiation could be due to either localized selection or temporal variation in the genetic makeup of recruits.


Enzyme Temporal Variation Genetic Differentiation Vertical Distribution Genetic Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Berger, E.: Gene-enzyme variation in three sympatric species of Littorina. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 145, 83–90 (1973)Google Scholar
  2. Black, R.: Competition between intertidal limpets: an intrusive niche on a steep resource gradient. J. Anim. Ecol. 48, 401–411 (1979)Google Scholar
  3. Doyle, R. W.: Choosing between darkness and light: the ecological genetics of photic behaviour of the planktonic larva of Spirorbis borealis. Mar. Biol. 25, 311–317 (1974)Google Scholar
  4. Doyle, R. W.: Settlement of planktonic larvae: a theory of habitat selection in varying environments. Am. Nat. 109, 113–126 (1975)Google Scholar
  5. Giesel, J. T.: On the maintenance of a shell pattern and behaviour polymorphism in Acmaea digitalis, a limpet. Evolution, Lawrence, Kansas 24, 98–119 (1970)Google Scholar
  6. Gillespie, J. H. and C. H. Langley: A general model to account for enzyme variation in natural populations. Genetics, Austin, Tex. 76, 837–848 (1974)Google Scholar
  7. Hedrick, P. W., M. E. Ginevan and E. P. Ewing: Genetic polymorphism in heterogeneous environments. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 7, 1–32 (1976)Google Scholar
  8. Johnson, M. S.: Adaptive lactate dehydrogenase variation in the crested blenny, Anoplarchus. Heredity, Lond. 27, 205–226 (1971)Google Scholar
  9. Koehn, R. K., F. J. Turano and J. B. Mitton: Population genetics of marine pelecypods. II. Genetic differences in microhabitats of Modiolus demissus. Evolution, Lawrence, Kansas 27, 100–105 (1973)Google Scholar
  10. Levene, H.: Genetic equilibrium when more than one niche is available. Am. Nat. 87, 331–333 (1953)Google Scholar
  11. Levins, R.: Evolution in changing environments, 120 pp. Princeton: Princeton University Press 1968Google Scholar
  12. Li, C. C.: First course in population genetics, 631 pp. Pacific Grove: Boxwood Press 1976Google Scholar
  13. Nichols, E. A. and F. H. Ruddle: A review of enzyme polymorphism, linkage and electrophoretic conditions for mouse and somatic cell hybrids in starch gels. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 21, 1066–1081 (1973)Google Scholar
  14. Ponder, W. F. and R. G. Creese: A revision of the Australian species of Notoacmea, Collisella and Patelloidea (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Acmaeidae). J. malac. Soc. Aust. 4, 167–208 (1980)Google Scholar
  15. Powell, J. R. and H. Wistrand: The effect of heterogeneous environments and a competitor on genetic variation in Drosophila. Am. Nat. 112, 935–947 (1978)Google Scholar
  16. Rosenzweig, M. L.: Competitive speciation. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 10, 275–289 (1978)Google Scholar
  17. Scheltema, R. S.: Larval dispersal as a means of genetic exchange between geographically separated populations of shallow water benthic marine gastropods. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 140, 284–322 (1971)Google Scholar
  18. Somero, G. N.: Temperature adaptation of enzymes: biological optimization through structure-function compromises. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 9, 1–29 (1978)Google Scholar
  19. Struhsaker, J. W.: Selection mechanisms associated with intraspecific shell variation in Littorina picta (Prosobranchia: Mesogastropoda). Evolution, Lawrence, Kansas 22, 459–480 (1968)Google Scholar
  20. Williams, G. C., R. K. Koehn and J. B. Mitton: Genetic differentiation without isolation in the American eel, Anguilla rostrata. Evolution, Lawrence, Kansas 27, 192–204 (1973)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Black
    • 1
  • M. S. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of Western AustraliaNedlandsAustralia

Personalised recommendations