Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 224–226 | Cite as

The combined effects of salinity and temperature on larvae of the mussel Mytilus edulis

  • M. Hrs. Brenko
  • A. Calabrese
Article

Abstract

The combined effects of salinity and temperature on survival and growth of larvae of the mussel Mytilus edulis (L.) were studied. The effects of salinity and temperature are significantly related only as the limits of tolerance of either factor are approached. Survival of larvae at salinities from 15 to 40‰ is uniformly good (70% or better) at temperatures from 5° to 20°C, but is reduced drastically at 25 °C, particularly at high (40‰) and low (20‰) salinities. Larval growth is rapid at a temperature of 15 °C in salinities from 25 to 35‰, at 20 °C in salinities from 20 to 35‰. Optimum growth occurs at 20 °C in salinities from 25 to 30‰. Growth decreases both at 25° and 10 °C; the decline is most drastic at high (40‰) and low (20‰) salinities.

Keywords

Combine Effect Optimum Growth Larval Growth Mytilus Edulis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Bayne, B. L.: Growth and the delay of metamorphosis of the larvae of Mytilus edulis (L.). Ophelia 2, 1–47 (1965).Google Scholar
  2. Breese, W. P., R. E. Millemann and R. E. Dimick: Stimulation of spawning in the mussels, Mytilus edulis Linnaeus and Mytilus californianus Conrad, by Kraft Mill Effluent. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 125, 197–205 (1963).Google Scholar
  3. Calabrese, A.: Individual and combined effects of salinity and temperature on embryos and larvae of the cott clam, Mulinia lateralis (Say). Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole (in press).Google Scholar
  4. Davis, H. C. and A. Calabrese: Combined effects of temperature and salinity on development of eggs and growth of larvae of M. mercenaria and C. virginica. Fishery Bull. Fish Wildl. Serv. U.S. 63, 643–655 (1964).Google Scholar
  5. — and R. R. Guillard: Relative value of ten genera of micro-organisms as foods for oyster and clam larvae. Fishery Bull. Fish Wildl. Serv. U.S. 58, 293–304 (1958).Google Scholar
  6. Iwata, K. S.: Spawning of Mytilus edulis. 2. Discharge by electrical stimulation. Bull. Jap. Soc. scient. Fish. 15, 443–446 (1950).Google Scholar
  7. —: Spawning of Mytilus edulis. 4. Discharge by KCl injection. Bull. Jap. Soc. scient. Fish. 16, 393–394 (1951).Google Scholar
  8. Kinne, O.: The effects of temperature and salinity on marine and brackish water animals. 1. Temperature. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. A. Rev. 1, 301–340 (1963).Google Scholar
  9. — and E. M. Kinne: Rates of development in embryos of a cyprinodont fish exposed to different temperature-salinity-oxygen combinations. Can. J. Zool. 40, 231–253 (1962).Google Scholar
  10. Knudsen, M.: Hydrographical tables, 63 pp. Copenhagen: G. E. C.Gad. (2nd. ed. 1931, photoprinted by Tutein and Koch) 1901.Google Scholar
  11. Loosanoff, V. L. and H. C. Davis: Rearing of bivalve mollusks. Adv. mar. biol. 1, 1–136 (1963).Google Scholar
  12. Ukeles, R.: The effect of temperature on the growth and survival of several marine algal species. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 120, 255–264 (1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hrs. Brenko
    • 1
  • A. Calabrese
    • 2
  1. 1.Centar za istrazivanje mora “Ruder Boskovic”RovinjYugoslavia
  2. 2.Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological LaboratoryMilfordUSA

Personalised recommendations