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Organic nitrogen metabolism of phototrophic bacteria

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Abstract

Recent reviews dealing with phototrophic bacteria are concerned with bioenergetics, nitrogen fixation and hydrogen metabolism, synthesis of the photosynthetic apparatus and phylogeny/taxonomy. The organic N-metabolism of these phylogenetically diverse bacteria has last been reviewed in 1978. However, amino acid utilization and biosynthesis, ammonia assimilation, purine and pyrimidine metabolism and biosynthesis of δ-aminolevulinic acid as precursor of bacteriochlorophylls and hemes are topics of vital importance. This review focusses on utilization of amino acids as N- and C/N-sources, the pathways of purine and pyrimidine degradation, novel aspects of amino acid biosynthesis (with emphasis on branched-chain amino acids and δ-aminole-vulinic acid) and some aspects of ammonia assimilation and glutamate synthesis by purple bacteria, green sulfur bacteria and Chloroflexus aurantiacus.

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Abbreviations

R:

Rhodospirillum

Rhb:

Rhodobacter

Rc:

Rhodocyclus

Rp:

Rhodopila

Rps:

Rhodopseudomonas

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Klemme, J. Organic nitrogen metabolism of phototrophic bacteria. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 55, 197–219 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00393850

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Key words

  • amino acids
  • purines
  • pyrimidines
  • N-metabolism
  • phototrophic bacteria