Stability of chitin synthetase in cell-free extracts from mycelial fungi was markedly improved by the presence of sucrose in the homogenization media. Breakage of mycelium in sucrose-containing buffer yielded enzyme preparations from which chitosomal chitin synthetase could be purified by a procedure involving ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration and centrifugation in sucrose density gradients. Purified chitosomes catalyzed the synthesis of chitin microfibrils in vitro upon incubation with substrate and activators. Chitosomal chitin synthetase from the filamentous form of M. rouxii was similar to the enzyme from yeast cells, except for the poorer stability and diminished sensitivity to GlcNAc activation of the former.
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Martinez-Cadena, G., Lopez-Romero, E., Acosta, I. et al. Stabilization of chitin synthetase and purification of chitosomes from several mycelial Mucorales. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 53, 171–181 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00393845
- Chitin synthetase