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Marine Biology

, Volume 64, Issue 3, pp 267–272 | Cite as

On the post-glacial history of Acartia tonsa (Copepoda: Calanoida) in the gulf of maine and the gulf of St. Lawrence

  • B. J. McAlice
Article

Abstract

Acartia tonsa Dana is thought to have invaded summer-warm estuarine headwaters north of Cape Cod, USA in modern times. However, these northern populations are relict ones, derived from a distribution which was once continuous from Cape Cod to the Northumberland Strait. The conclusion is based on: (1) the presence of other relict warm-water faunal elements; (2) the reproductive ecology of A. tonsa; (3) present and post-glacial oceanographic conditions. A. tonsa is not a relict holoplankter. Because of its dormant winter eggs, the species is analogous to a meroplanktonic species having high fecundity and a long pelagic larval stage. The disjunction of A. tonsa in its present refuges may make it useful for studies on rates of speciation in marine calanoid copepods.

Keywords

Larval Stage Modern Time High Fecundity Calanoid Copepod Northern Population 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. J. McAlice
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oceanography, Ira C. Darling CenterUniversity of Maine at OronoWalpoleUSA

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