Protoplasts prepared from protonemal cultures of the moss Physcomitrella patens begin to regenerate a new cell wall within 1 h of removal from cellulase. The wall is seen as a gradually thickening mat of fibres when examined by scanning electron microscopy. Development of filaments from protoplasts takes place in the majority of cases only after one or more cell divisions have occurred. The direction of emergence of filaments is random in uniform light, but strongly negatively phototropic in bright unidirectional horizotal light. Filament growth is also strongly negatively phototropic. The influence of unidirectional light can be destroyed by incubating protoplasts in the presence of colchicine. Filaments growing in unidirectional light have cytoplasmic microtubules running along their long axes and in close association with large organelles. These results are discussed in terms of the potential for this system for the study of polarity in plants.
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Burgess, J., Linstead, P.J. Studies on the growth and development of protoplasts of the moss, Physcomitrella patens, and its control by light. Planta 151, 331–338 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00393287
- Cell wall