Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Reproductive, growth and life-history contrasts between two species of grapsid crabs, Sesarma cinereum and S. reticulatum

Abstract

Two grapsid crabs, Sesarma cinereum (Bosc) and S. reticulatum (Say), were studied in the region of Beaufort, North Carolina, USA, during the summers of 1977, 1983, and 1984. The two grapsid species showed differences in social organization, habitat preferences, and number and size of first-stage larvae. We analyzed several other characters (growth rates, size at sexual maturity, reproductive effort per clutch) to determine if these differences could be related to a coherent pattern of life-history trends. While some relationships between characters were consistent with those found among other crab species, few seemed peculiarly matched to the ecological contrasts represented by our species. Our results suggest that other factors (phyletic predisposition; decoupling of selection between larval and adult stages; equally adaptive alternatives) may obscure the “rules” governing relationships between life-history characters and evolutionary trends.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. Charniaux-Cotton, H.: Sex determination. In: The physiology of Crustacea, pp 411–447. Ed. by T.H. Waterman. New York: Academic Press 1960

  2. Colby, D. R. and M. S. Fonseca: Population dynamics, spatial dispersion and somatic growth of the sand fiddler crab Uca pugilator. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 16, 269–279 (1984)

  3. Costlow, J. D. and C. G. Bookhout: The complete larval development of Sesarma cinereum reared in the laboratory. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 118, 203–214 (1960)

  4. Costlow, J. D. and C. G. Bookhout: The larval development of Sesarma reticulatum reared in the laboratory. Crustaceana 4, 281–294 (1962)

  5. Daly, M. and M. Wilson: Sex, evolution and behavior, 387 pp. North Scituate, Mass. Duxbury Press 1978

  6. Gould, S. J.: Darwinism and the expansion of evolutionary theory. Science, N.Y. 216, 380–387 (1982)

  7. Goy, J. W.: Seasonal distribution and the retention of some decapod crustacean larvae within the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, 101 pp. Masters thesis, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 1976

  8. Hartnoll, R. G.: Morphology of the genital ducts in female crabs. J. Linn. Soc. 17, 279–300 (1968)

  9. Hatnoll, R. G.: Strategies of crustacean growth. Mem. Aust. Mus. 18, 121–131 (1983)

  10. Hines, A. H.: Allometric constraints and variables of reproductive effort in brachyuran crabs. Mar. Biol. 69, 309–320 (1982)

  11. Istock, C. A.: The evolution of complex life cycle phenomena: an ecological approach. Evolution, Lawrence, Kansas 21, 592–605 (1967)

  12. Pinschmidt, W. C., Jr.: Distribution of crab larvae in relation to some environmental conditions in the Newport River estuary, North Carolina, 112 pp. Doctoral dissertation, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 1963

  13. Rabalais, N. N. and R. H. Gore: Abbreviated development in decapods. In: Crustacean issues, Vol. 2. (crustacean growth), pp 67–125. Ed. by A. M. Wenner. Rotterdam: Balkema Press 1985

  14. Reaka, M. L.: The evolutionary ecology of life history patterns in stomatopod Crustacea. Contr. Belle W. Baruch Libr. mar. Sci. 9, 235–260 (1979)

  15. Rice, A. L.: Crab zoeal morphology and its bearing on the classification of the Brachyura. Trans. zool. Soc. Lond. 35, 271–424 (1980)

  16. Seiple, W.: Distribution, habitat preferences, and breeding periods in the crustaceans Sesarma cinereum and S. reticulatum (Brachyura: Decapoda: Grapsidae). Mar. Biol. 52, 77–86 (1979)

  17. Seiple, W. H. and M. Salmon: Comparative social behavior of two grapsid crustaceans, Sesarma reticulatum and S. cinereum. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 62, 25–37 (1982)

  18. Stearns, S. C.: Life history tactics: a review of the ideas. Q. Rev. Biol. 51, 3–47 (1976)

  19. Stearns, S. C.: The evolution of life history traits: a critique of the theory and a review of the data. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8, 45–171 (1977)

  20. Stearns, S. C.: A new view of life history evolution. Oikos 35, 266–281 (1980)

  21. Vance, R.: On reproductive strategies of marine organisms. Am. Nat. 107, 339–352 (1973)

  22. Wigglesworth, V. B.: The physiology of insect metamorphosis, 471 pp. London: Cambridge University Press 1954

  23. Zar, J. H.: Biostatistical analyses, 2nd ed. 718 pp. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall 1984

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by P. C. Schroeder, Pullman

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Seiple, W.H., Salmon, M. Reproductive, growth and life-history contrasts between two species of grapsid crabs, Sesarma cinereum and S. reticulatum . Mar. Biol. 94, 1–6 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00392892

Download citation

Keywords

  • Growth Rate
  • Social Organization
  • Adult Stage
  • Sexual Maturity
  • Habitat Preference