Laboratory and field studies were used to show that development rate and survival of the copepods Pseudocalanus sp. and Paracalanus parvus are generally not food limited on Georges Bank. Copepods were reared in the laboratory at a series of phytoplankton concentrations (25 to 200 μg carbon l-1) spanning the range of particulate carbon and nitrogen measured on Georges Bank in October, 1978 and February, 1979. Pseudocalanus sp. and P. parvus were reared at 5° and 12°C, respectively. Development rate and survival in both species were not affected at Georges Bank food concentrations but were reduced at lower food levels. Development times from hatching to adulthood was 60 to 70 d for Pseudocalanus sp. and 25 to 30 d for P. parvus.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Checkley, D. M.: The egg production of a marine planktonic copepod in relation to its food supply. Laboratory studies. Limnol. Oceanogr. 25, 430–446 (1980)
Cohen, E. B., M. D. Grosslein, M. P. Sissenwine, F. Steimle and W. R. Wright: An energy budget for Georges Bank. Can. spec. Publ. Fish. aquat. Sci. 59, 1–169 (1982)
Corkett, C. J. and I. A. McLaren: Egg production and oil storage by the copepod Pseudocalanus in the Laboratory. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 3, 90–105 (1969)
Corkett, C. J. and I. A. McLaren: The biology of Pseudocalanus. Adv. mar. Biol 15, 1–231 (1978)
Davis, C. S.: Processes controlling zooplankton abundance on Georges Bank. Ph.D. Thesis. Boston University Marine Program, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 1982
Davis, C. S.: Laboratory rearing of marine calanoid copepods. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 71, 119–133 (1983)
Davis, C. S.: Predatory control of copepod seasonal cycles on Georges Bank. Mar. Biol. 82, 31–40 (1984a)
Davis, C. S.: Interaction of a copepod population with the mean circulation on Georges Bank. J. mar. Res. 42 (3), (In press) (1984b)
Davis, C. S.: Zooplankton life cycles. In: Georges Bank. Ed. by R. H. Backus. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (In press)
Guillard, R. L.: Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. In: Culture of marine invertebrate animals, pp 29–60. Ed. by W. L. Smith and M. H. Chanley. New York: Plenum Press 1973
Landry, M. S.: The development of marine calanoid copepods with comment on the isochronal rule. Limnol. Oceanogr. 28, 614–625 (1983)
Lasker, R.: Field criteria for survival of achovy larvae: the relation between inshore chlorophyll maximum layers and successful first feeding. Fish. Bull., U.S. 73, 453–462 (1975)
O'Reilly, J. E., C. Evans, V. Zdanowicz, A. Draxler, R. Waldhauer and A. Matte: Baseline studies on the distribution of phytoplankton biomass, organic production, seawater nutrients, and trace metals in coastal water between Cape Hatteras and Nova Scotia. Northeast Fisheries Center, Sandy Hook, N.J. Laboratory reference report No. 80-24, 1980
O'Reilly, J. E., C. Evans-Zetlin and D. A. Busch: Primary production on Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine, and mid-Atlantic shelf. In: Georges Bank. Ed. by R. H. Backus. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (In press)
Paffenhöfer, G. A. and R. P. Harris: Feeding, growth and reproduction of the marine planktonic copepod Pseudocalanus elongatus Boeck. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 56, 327–344 (1976)
Poulet, S. A.: Grazing of Pseudocalanus minutus on naturally occurring particulate matter. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18, 564–573 (1973)
Thompson, B. M.: The biology of Pseudocalanus elongatus (Boeck). Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich 1976
Thompson, B. M.: Growth and development of Pseudocalanus elongatus and Calanus sp. in the laboratory. J. mar. biol. Assoc. UK 62, 359–372 (1982)
Vidal, J.: Physioecology of zooplankton. Effects of phytoplankton concentration, temperature, and body size on the development and molting rates of Calanus pacificus and Pseudocalanus sp. Mar. Biol. 56, 135–146 (1980)
Communicated by R. W. Doyle, Halifax
About this article
Cite this article
Davis, C.S. Food concentrations on Georges Bank: non-limiting effect on development and survival of laboratory reared Pseudocalanus sp. and Paracalanus parvus (Copepoda: Calanoida). Mar. Biol. 82, 41–46 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00392762
- Development Time
- Field Study
- Food Concentration