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Uptake and clearance of diesel alkanes from sediments by the Great Barrier Reef gastropod Strombus luhuanus

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Abstract

Sediments from the reef flat at Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef, were treated with known amounts of diesel and the uptake and clearance characteristics of the diesel n-alkanes by the gastropod Strombus luhuanus, in the field and aquaria, were measured. In each case, the uptake curve was unusual in that the concentration, expressed in terms of wet weight, reached a maxima within 24 h and then declined to relatively low levels. The maximum concentrations reached were below that in the sediments. Within the range investigated, the alkanes exhibited a substantial decline in the uptake rate-constant with increasing carbon number, tricosane exhibiting approximately 25% of the uptake rate-constant of dodecane. On the other hand, persistence, measured as the half-life, showed an increase with carbon number. Dodecane had a half life of 0.6 d and octadecane one of 2.2 d.

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Communicated by G. F. Humphrey, Sydney

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Chapman, H.F., Connell, D.W. Uptake and clearance of diesel alkanes from sediments by the Great Barrier Reef gastropod Strombus luhuanus . Marine Biology 92, 15–19 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00392740

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Keywords

  • Diesel
  • Half Life
  • Alkane
  • Maximum Concentration
  • Carbon Number