Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Photosynthesis, photorespiration, and dark respiration in eight species of algae

  • 790 Accesses

  • 83 Citations

Abstract

The rates of photosynthesis and dark respiration for 7 marine algae and 1 fresh-water alga were measured and compared. The dinoflagellates Glenodinium sp. and zooxanthellae have high dark respiration rates relative to photosynthetic rates, which may decrease their net growth rates. Photorespiration in the 8 algal species was studied by examining the effects of the concentration of oxygen on the rates of photosynthesis, on the incorporation of 14CO2 into the photorespiratory pathway intermediates glycine and serine, and on the postillumination burst of carbon dioxide production and oxygen consumption. A combination of these results indicates that all the algae tested can photorespire, but that Glenodinium sp., Thalassiosira pseudonana, and zooxanthellae either have a photorespiratory pathway different from that proposed for freshwater algae (Tolbert, 1974), or an additional pathway for glycolate metabolism.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature Cited

  1. Bassham, J.A. and M. Kirk: The effect of oxygen on the reduction of CO2 to glycolic acid and other products during photosynthesis by Chlorella. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun. 9, 376–380 (1962)

  2. Beardall, J. and I. Morris: Effects of environmental factors on photosynthesis patterns in Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae). II. Effect of oxygen. J. Phycol. 11, 430–434 (1975)

  3. Black, C.C., J.E. Burris and R.G. Everson: The influence of oxygen concentration on photosynthesis in marine plants. Aust. J. Pl. Physiol. 3, 81–86 (1976)

  4. Brown, D.L. and E.B. Tregunna: Inhibition of respiration during photosynthesis by some algae, Can. J. Bot. 45, 1135–1143 (1967)

  5. Burris, J.E., O. Holm-Hansen and C.C. Black: Glycine and serine production in marine plants as a measure of photorespiration. Aust. J. Pl. Physiol. 3, 87–92 (1976)

  6. Codd, G.A. and W.D.P. Stewart: Pathways of glycolate metabolism in the blue-green alga, Anabaena cylindrica. Arch. Mikrobiol. 94, 11–28 (1973)

  7. Decker, J.P.: A rapid, postillumination deceleration of respiration in green leaves. Pl. Physiol., Lancaster 30, 82–84 (1955)

  8. Downton, W.J.S., D.G. Bishop, A.W.D. Larkum and C.B. Osmond: Oxygen inhibition of photosynthetic oxygen evolution in marine plants. Aust. J. Pl. Physiol. 3, 73–79 (1976)

  9. Eppley, R.W., R.W. Holmes and J.D.H. Strickland: Sinking rates of marine phytoplankton measured with a fluorometer. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 1, 191–208 (1967)

  10. — and P.R. Sloan: Carbon balance experiments with marine phytoplankton. J. Fish Res. Bd Can. 24, 1083–1097 (1965)

  11. Fogg, G.E.: The extracellular products of algae. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. A. Rev. 4, 195–212 (1966)

  12. Forrester, M.L., G. Krotkov and C.D. Nelson: Effect of oxygen on photosynthesis, photorespiration and respiration in detached leaves. I. Soybean. Pl. Physiol., Lancaster 41, 422–427 (1966)

  13. Gieskes, J.M. and W.C. Rogers: Alkalinity determination in interstitial waters of marine sediments. J. sediment. Petrol. 43, 272–277 (1973)

  14. Glover, H., J. Beardall and I. Morris: Effects of environmental factors on photosynthesis patterns in Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae). I. Effects of nitrogen deficiency and light intensity. J. Phycol. 11, 424–429 (1975)

  15. Holm-Hansen, O., C.J. Lorenzen, R.W. Holmes and J.D.H. Strickland: Fluorometric determination of chlorophyll. J. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer 30, 3–15 (1965)

  16. —, O.K. Nishida, V. Moses and M. Calvin: Effects of mineral salts on short-term incorporation of carbon dioxide in Chlorella. J. exp. Bot. 10, 109–124 (1959)

  17. Hough, R.A.: Photorespiration and productivity in submersed aquatic vascular plants. Limnol. Oceanogr. 19, 912–927 (1974)

  18. Humphrey, G.F.: The photosynthesis: respiration ratio of some unicellular marine algae. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 18, 111–119 (1975)

  19. Jackson, W.A. and R.J. Volk: Photorespiration. A. Rev. Pl. Physiol. 21, 385–432 (1970)

  20. John, P.C.L., C.F. Thurston and P.J. Syrett: Disappearance of isocitrate lyase enzyme from cells of Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Biochem. J. 119, 913–919 (1970)

  21. Joshi, E., T. Dolan, R. Gee and P. Saltman: Sodium chloride effect on dark fixation of CO2 by marine and terrestrial plants. Pl. Physiol., Lancaster 37, 446–449 (1962)

  22. Loeblich, A.R., III and V.E. Smith: Chloroplast pigments of the marine dinoflagellate Gyrodinium resplendens. Lipids 3, 5–13 (1968)

  23. Lord, J.M. and M.J. Merrett: The pathway of glycolate utilization in Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Biochem. J. 117, 929–937 (1970)

  24. Ludlow, M.M. and P.G. Jarvis: Methods for measuring photorespiration in leaves. In: Plant phdtosynthetic production — manual of methods, pp 294–315. Ed. by Z. Sěsták, J. Čatský and and P.G. Jarvis. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk 1971

  25. Norris, L., R.E. Norris and M. Calvin: A survey of the rates and products of short-term photosynthesis in plants of nine phyla. J. exp. Bot. 6, 64–74 (1955)

  26. Patil, B.A. and B.E. Joshi: Photosynthetic studies in Ulva lactuca. Botanica mar. 13, 111–115 (1970)

  27. Paul, J.S. and B.E. Volcani: Photorespiration in diatoms. IV. Two pathways of glycolate metabolism in synchronized cultures of Cylindrotheca fusiformis. Archs Microbiol. (In press)

  28. Stumm, W. and J.J. Morgan: Aquatic chemistry, 583 pp. New York: Wiley-Interscience 1970

  29. Tolbert, N.E.: Photorespiration by algae. In: Algal physiology and biochemistry, pp 474–504. Ed. by W.D.P. Stewart. Berkeley: University of California Press 1974

  30. — and L.P. Zill: Excretion of glycolic acid by algae during photosynthesis. J. biol. Chem. 222, 895–906 (1956)

  31. Tregunna, E.B., G. Krotkov and C.D. Nelson: Effect of oxygen on the rate of photorespiration in detached tobacco leaves. Physiologia Pl. 19, 723–733 (1966)

  32. Trench, R.K.: The physiology and biochemistry of zooxanthellae symbiotic with marine coelenterates. II. Liberation of 14C fixed by zooxanthellae in vitro. Proc. R. Soc. (Ser. B) 177, 237–250 (1971)

  33. Turner, J.S., M. Todd and E.G. Brittain: The inhibition of photosynthesis by oxygen. I. Comparative physiology of the effect. Aust. J. biol. Sci. 9, 454–510 (1956)

  34. Wright, B.E. and T.C. Stadtman: The role of polyglutamyl pteridine coenzymes in serine metabolism. I. Cofactor requirements in the conversion of serine to glycine. J. biol. Chem. 219, 863–871 (1956)

  35. Zelitch, I.: Improving the efficiency of photosynthesis. Science, N.Y. 188, 626–633 (1975)

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by J.S. Pearse, Santa Cruz

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Burris, J.E. Photosynthesis, photorespiration, and dark respiration in eight species of algae. Mar. Biol. 39, 371–379 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00391940

Download citation

Keywords

  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthetic Rate
  • Dinoflagellate
  • Algal Species
  • Marine Alga