Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Hybrid variegation in the genus Pelargonium

  • 108 Accesses

  • 26 Citations

Summary.

  1. 1)

    The genetical and cytological analysis of crosses between the wild-type form ‘Roseum’ of Pelargonium zonale (L.) L 'Herit. ex Ait. and the hybrid species Pelargonium zonale hort. ‘Stadt Bern’' revealed the occurrence of hybrid variegation in the genus Pelargonium

  2. 2)

    The plastids in the green-white variegated plants were sorted out in the quick apical way characteristic for Pelargonium chimera. Six types of periclinal chimeras could be observed.

  3. 3)

    The DNAs of the two different plastomes can be distinguished by restriction endonuclease analysis with EcoRl and BamHI.

  4. 4)

    The differences in the cleavage patterns allowed a detailed description of the process of sorting out of the two parental plastids types within the variegated hybrids on the level of their plastid DNA. In all cases observed the cleavage pattern of ‘Roseum’ plastid DNA was found in the green tissue and the pattern of ‘Stadt Bern’ plastid DNA in the white tissue.

  5. 5)

    From these results we draw the conclusion that there is a disharmony between the F1-hybrid nucleus and the plastome of Stadt Bern', which blocks the normal differentiation of ‘Stadt Bern’ plastids.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Atchison BA, Whitfeld PR, Bottomley W (1976) Mol Gen Genet 148:263–269

  2. Chittenden RJ (1927) Vegetative Segregation. Bibliogr Genet 3:355–442

  3. Dahlgren KVO (1923) Hereditas 4:239–250

  4. Dahlgren KVO (1925) Hereditas 6:237–256

  5. Gordon KHJ, Crouse EJ, Bohnert HJ. Herrmann RG (1982) Theor Appl Genet 61:373–384

  6. Hagemann R (ed) (1964) Plasmatische Vererbung, VEB G. Fischer, Jena

  7. Hagemann R (1965) Advances in the field of plastid inheritance In higher plants. Genetics Today. Proc. XI. Internat. Congr. Genetics, The Hague. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 613–625

  8. Harney PM, Chow TW (1971) Euphytica 20:286–291

  9. Herrmann RG, Bohnert HJ, Kowallik KV, Schmitt JM (1975) Biochem Biophys Acta 378:305–317

  10. Herrmann RG, Possingham JV (1980) Plastid-DNA — the Plastome. In: Reinert J (ed) Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation: The Chloroplast. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, p 45–96

  11. Kirk JTO, Tilney-Bassett R (eds) (1978) The Plastids, Their chemistry, structure, growth and inheritance. Elsevier, Amsterdam

  12. Loening UE (1968) J Mol Biol 38:355–361

  13. Metzlaff M, Börner T, Hagemann R (1981) TAG 60:37–41

  14. Knuth R (ed) (1931) Geraniaceae. In: Engler, Harms (eds) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Engelmann, Leipzig

  15. Renner 0 (1924) Biol Zbl 44:309

  16. Renner 0 (1936) Flora 30:218–290

  17. Stubbe W (1959) Z Vererbungsl 90:288–298

  18. Ufer M (1934) Naturwissenschaften 22:271

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Metzlaf, M., Pohlheim, F., Börner, T. et al. Hybrid variegation in the genus Pelargonium . Curr Genet 5, 245–249 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00391813

Download citation

Key words

  • Hybrid variegation
  • Pelargonium
  • Extranuclear inheritance
  • Plastid DNA
  • Restriction patterns