Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

237Pu experiments with the plaice Pleuronectes platessa

  • 30 Accesses

  • 13 Citations


Some experiments have been made on the metabolism of 237Pu — a high specific activity, gamma-emitting isotope of plutonium — by the plaice Pleuronectes platessa L. Very little of the isotope was incorporated into fish after 2 months exposure to labelled water. The oral retention from a variety of labelled foods was also very poor, and apart from the gut itself no incorporation of the isotope could, in fact, be demonstrated. Injected 237Pu was eliminated very slowly, and some evidence was obtained for an inverse relationship between the rate of 237Pu loss and the rate of growth of the fish. Growing fish incorporated a relatively larger fraction of the 237Pu body burden into skeletal material, and this was attained at the expense of the isotopic content of the liver. Very little 237Pu was incorporated into muscle.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature Cited

  1. Eyman, L.D. and J.R. Trabalka: Plutonium-237: comparative uptake in chelated and non-chelated form by channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Hlth Phys. 32, 475–478 (1977)

  2. — and F.N. Case: Plutonium-237 and plutonium-246: their production and use as gamma tracers in research on plutonium kinetics in an aquatic consumer. In: Environmental toxicity of aquatic radionuclides: models and mechanisms, pp 193–206. Ed. by M.W. Miller and J.N. Stannard. Michigan: Ann Arbor Science 1976

  3. Fowler, S.W. and J.-C. Guary: High absorption efficiency for ingested plutonium in crabs. Nature, Lond. 266, 827–828 (1977)

  4. —, M. Heyraud and T.M. Beasley: Experimental studies on plutonium kinetics in marine biota. In: Impacts of nuclear releases into the aquatic environment, pp 157–177. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency 1975

  5. Guary, J.-C., M. Masson et A. Fraizier: Etude préliminaire, in situ, de la distribution du plutonium dans différents tissus et organes de Cancer pagurus (Crustacea: Decapoda) et de Pleuronectes platessa (Pisces: Pleuronectidae). Mar. Biol. 36, 13–17 (1976)

  6. Hetherington, J.A.: The behaviour of plutonium nuclides in the Irish Sea. In: Environmental toxicity of aquatic radionuclides: models and mechanisms, pp 81–106. Ed. by M.W. Miller and J.N. Stannard. Michigan: Ann Arbor Science 1976

  7. —, D.F. Jefferies, N.T. Mitchell, R.J. Pentreath and D.S. Woodhead: Environmental and public health consequences of the controlled disposal of transuranic elements to the marine environment. In: Transuranium nuclides in the environment, pp 139–154. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency 1976

  8. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP): The metabolism of compounds of plutonium and other actinides, 59 pp. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1972. (ICRP Publs No. 19)

  9. Pentreath, R.J.: The accumulation and retention of 65Zn and 54Mn by the plaice, Pleuronectes platessa L. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 12, 1–18 (1973)

  10. — and D.F. Jefferies: The uptake of radionuclides by I-group plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) off the Cumberland coast, Irish Sea. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 51, 963–976 (1971)

  11. — and M.B. Lovett: Occurrence of plutonium and americium in plaice from the north-eastern Irish Sea. Nature, Lond. 262, 814–816 (1976)

  12. ——: Transuranic nuclides in plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) from the north-eastern Irish Sea. Mar. Biol. 48, 19–26 (1978)

  13. Templeton, W.L.: Fission products and aquatic organisms. In: Effects of pollution on living material, pp 125–140. Ed. by W.B. Yapp. London: Institute of Biology 1959

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by J. Mauchline, Oban

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pentreath, R.J. 237Pu experiments with the plaice Pleuronectes platessa . Mar. Biol. 48, 327–335 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00391636

Download citation


  • Expense
  • Inverse Relationship
  • Large Fraction
  • Plutonium
  • High Specific Activity