Marine Biology

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 361–365 | Cite as

An unusual abbreviated larval life in the estuarine burrowing prawn Callianassa kraussi (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea)

  • A. T. Forbes


The larval stages of Callianassa kraussi Stebb. were previously unknown. Larvae were bred out in the laboratory and found to be incapable of swimming. There are two larval stages, lasting 3 to 5 days in sea water of 34 to 35‰ S at 20 °C. Observations under simulated field conditions in the laboratory, and in the field—where burrow casts were made using a polyester resin, indicated that the larvae metamorphose to the first post-larval stage in the parent burrow, and then burrow directly into the wall of the parent burrow.


Larval Stage Polyester Resin Larva Metamorphose Hatching Period Simulated Field Condition 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. T. Forbes
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoology DepartmentRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa

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