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Production of gibberellin-like substance in the embryo of barley during germination

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Summary

Embryos were excised from barley seeds, their homogenates were incubated with ficin, and their content in gibberellin-like substance was assayed by means of α-amylase-producing activity, but no gibberellin-like substance could be detected.

Embryos free from endosperm which were cultured for five days produced measurable amounts of gibberellin-like substance. This substance was not produced when a carbon source was absent from the medium, or when air was removed after 2 days of aerobic culture. CCC and Phosfon D (at the concentration of 2×10-4 M and 0.8×10-4 M, respectively) inhibited the formation of the gibberellin-like substance in cultured embryos without affecting their growth.

Mevalonic acid could be used as a carbon source in the culture of the embryos. The formation of the gibberellin-like substance was in this case inhibited by 0.8×10-4 M Phosfon D, but was not inhibited by 2×10-3 M CCC.

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Literature

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Yomo, H., Iinuma, H. Production of gibberellin-like substance in the embryo of barley during germination. Planta 71, 113–118 (1966). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00390130

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Keywords

  • Carbon Source
  • Measurable Amount
  • Barley Seed
  • Mevalonic Acid
  • Aerobic Culture