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Morphological adaptations of benthic invertebrates to stream flow — An old question studied by means of a new technique (Laser Doppler Anemometry)

Summary

The generally accepted concept that dorsoventral flatness and/or small size of benthic stream invertebrates staying on the surface of the bottom substratum allows a current-sheltered life in the boundary layer (Ambühl 1959) is checked by means of the new technique of Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA). With LDA measurement of flow can be done nearly punctually without any mechanical disturbance. Mapping the current velocities around the body of Ecdyonurus cf. venosus (Insecta, Ephemeroptera) and Ancylus fluviatilis (Gastropoda) gives evidence that boundary layer separation occurs above the animals' bodies. Our results indicate that the velocities around the body of benthic stream invertebrates and probably the forces acting on them are much more complicate than is suggested by the currently accepted boundary layer concept.

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Statzner, B., Holm, T.F. Morphological adaptations of benthic invertebrates to stream flow — An old question studied by means of a new technique (Laser Doppler Anemometry). Oecologia 53, 290–292 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00389001

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Keywords

  • Boundary Layer
  • Stream Flow
  • Current Velocity
  • Benthic Invertebrate
  • Gastropoda