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Adenosylhomocysteinase and adenosine nucleosidase activities in Lupinus luteus cotyledons during seed formation and germination

Abstract

The activities of adenosylhomocysteinase (EC 3.3.1.1) and adenosine nucleosidase (EC 3.2.2.7) were assayed in extracts from yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus L.) cotyledons at different stages of seed formation and seedling development. Adenosylhomocysteinase activity was demonstrated in all the cotyledon extracts examined. Its lowest level was found in the dry seeds and the highest, in 4-day-old seedling cotyledons. Extracts from the cotyledons of maturating seeds, dry seeds, and seedlings up to the second day of growth exhibited no adenosine nucleosidase activity. Adenosine nucleosidase activity appeared in the cotyledons of 2-day-old seedlings and its highest level was reached in 4-to 5-day-old seedlings. There is no inhibitor of adenosine nucleosidase in the maturating and dry yellow lupin seeds. No activator of a possible zymogen form of adenosine nucleosidase from maturating or dry seeds occurs in the growing seedlings.

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Guranowski, A., Pawełkiewicz, J. Adenosylhomocysteinase and adenosine nucleosidase activities in Lupinus luteus cotyledons during seed formation and germination. Planta 139, 245–247 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00388636

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Key words

  • Adenosine nucleosidase
  • Adenosylhomocysteinase
  • Cotyledons
  • Germination (seeds)
  • Lupinus
  • Seed maturation