Marine Biology

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 169–177 | Cite as

Simulation model for wind-driven summer phytoplankton dynamics in Auke Bay, Alaska

  • R. L. Iverson
  • H. C. CurlJr.
  • J. L. Saugen
Article

Abstract

A model was developed for use in simulating effects of short-term wind-mixing of the water column on estuarine phytoplankton dynamics. Simulation results, using parameter values estimated from field data, exhibited maxima observed in phytoplankton standing crop over a summer in Auke Bay, Alaska. Short-term wind-mixing of the water column can be important in determining the time of occurrence of phytoplankton community productivity pulses in deep estuaries.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Armstrong, F.A.J., C.R. Stearns and J.D.H.Strickland: The measurement of upwelling and subsequent biological processes by means of the Technicon Autoanalyzer and associated equipment. Deep-Sea Res. 14, 381–389 (1967)Google Scholar
  2. Bruce, H.E.: The role of dissolved amino acids as a nitrogen source for marine phytoplankton in an estuarine environment in southeast Alaska. Ph.D. dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, 124 pp. 1969Google Scholar
  3. Curl, H.C., Jr. and L.F. Small: Variations in photosynthetic assimilation ratios in natural, marine phytoplankton communities. Limnol. Oceanogr. (Suppl.) 10, R67-R73 (1965)Google Scholar
  4. Dale, M.B.: Systems analysis and ecology. Ecology 51, 2–16 (1970)Google Scholar
  5. Eppley, R.W.: Temperature and phytoplankton growth in the sea. Fish. Bull. U.S. 70, 1063–1085 (1972)Google Scholar
  6. — and J.D.H. Strickland: Sinking rates of marine phytoplankton measured with a fluorometer. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 1, 191–208 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. —, J.N. Rogers and J.J. McCarthy: Half-saturation constants for uptake of nitrogen and ammonium by marine phytoplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 14, 912–920 (1969)Google Scholar
  8. Franceschini, G.A. and S.Z. El-Sayed: Effect of hurricane Inez (1966) on the hydrography and productivity of the western Gulf of Mexico. Dt. hydrogr. Z. (Sdbd) 21, 195–202 (1968)Google Scholar
  9. Coodall, D.W.: Building and testing ecosystem models. In: Mathematical models in ecology, pp 173–194. Ed. by J.N.R. Jeffers. London: Blackwell 1972Google Scholar
  10. Guillard, R.R.L. and P.J. Wangersky: The production of extracellular carbohydrates by some marine flagellates. Limnol. Oceanogr. 3, 449–454 (1958)Google Scholar
  11. Hager, S.W., L.I. Gordon, and P.K. Park: A practical manual for use of the Technicon Analyzer in seawater nutrient analysis. Final Rep. Bur. comml Fish. (Contract No. 14-17-00001-1759) 1968 (Mimeo, Oregon St. Univ. Corvallis, Ore.)Google Scholar
  12. Hellebust, J.A.: Excretion of some organic compounds by marine phytoplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 10, 192–206 (1965)Google Scholar
  13. Iverson, R.L., H.C. Curl, Jr., H.C. O'Connors, Jr., D. Kirk and K. Zakar: Summer phytoplankton blooms in Auke Bay, Alaska driven by wind-mixing of the water column. Limnol. Oceanogr. 19, 271–278 (1974)Google Scholar
  14. Jitts, H.R., C.D. McAllister, K. Stephens and J.D.H. Strickland: The cell division rates of some marine phytoplankters as a function of light and temperature. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 21, 139–157 (1964)Google Scholar
  15. Lorenzen, C.: Carbon/chlorophyll relationships in an upwelling area. Limnol. Oceanogr. 13, 202–204 (1968)Google Scholar
  16. Neumann, G. and W.J. Pierson, Jr.: Principles of physical oceanography, 545 pp. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1966Google Scholar
  17. O'Brien, J.J. and J. Wroblewski: A simulation of the mesoscale distribution of the lower marine trophic levels off West Florida. Investigación pesq. 37, 193–224 (1973)Google Scholar
  18. Parker, R.A.: Simulation of an aquatic ecosystem. Biometrics 24, 803–821 (1968)Google Scholar
  19. Parsons, T.R. and R.J. LeBrasseur: A discussion of some critical indices of primary and secondary production for large-scale ocean surveys. Calif. coop. ocean. Fish. investigations Rep. 12, 54–63 (1968)Google Scholar
  20. Patten, B.C.: Mathematical models of plankton production. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 53, 357–408 (1968)Google Scholar
  21. Phillips, O.M.: The dynamics of the upper ocean, 261 pp. London: Cambridge University Press 1966Google Scholar
  22. Redfield, A.C., B.H. Ketchum and F.A. Richards: The influence of organisms on the composition of sea-water. In: The sea, Vol. 2. pp 26–77. Ed. by M.N. Hill. New York: John Wiley & Sons 1963Google Scholar
  23. Riley, G.A.: Factors controlling phytoplankton populations on Georges Bank. J. mar. Res. 6, 54–73 (1946)Google Scholar
  24. —, H. Stommel and D.F. Bumpus: Quantitative ecology of the plankton of the western North Atlantic. Bull. Bingham oceanogr. Coll. 12, 1–169 (1949)Google Scholar
  25. Ryther, J.H. and C.S. Yentsch: The estimation of phytoplankton production in the ocean from chlorophyll and light data. Limnol. Oceanogr. 2, 281–286 (1957)Google Scholar
  26. Small, L.F. and H.C. Curl, Jr.: The relative contribution of particulate chlorophyll and river tripton to the extinction of light off the coast of Oregon. Limnol. Oceanogr. 13, 84–91 (1968)Google Scholar
  27. Smith, E.L.: Photosynthesis in relation to light and carbon dioxide. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 22, 504–511 (1936)Google Scholar
  28. Steele, J.H.: Plant production on the Fladen Ground. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 35, 1–33 (1956)Google Scholar
  29. —: Plant production in the Northern North Sea. Scottish Home Department Marine Research No. 7. pp 1–36. Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office 1958Google Scholar
  30. — Environmental control of photosynthesis in the sea. Limnol. Oceanogr. 7, 137–150 (1962)Google Scholar
  31. —: Notes on some theoretical problems in production ecology. Memorie Ist. ital. Idrobiol. 18 (Suppl.), 385–398 (1965)Google Scholar
  32. — and I.E. Baird: The chlorophyll a content of particulate organic matter in the Northern North Sea. Limnol. Oceanogr. 10, 261–267 (1965)Google Scholar
  33. Strickland, J.D.H. and T.R. Parsons: A manual of seawater analysis. Bull. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 167, 1–311 (1968)Google Scholar
  34. Sverdrup, H.U.: On conditions for the vernal blooming of phytoplankton. J. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer 18, 287–295 (1953)Google Scholar
  35. Talling, J.F.: The phytoplankton population as a compound photosynthetic system. New Phytol. 56, 29–50 (1957)Google Scholar
  36. Tomovic, R.: Sensitivity analysis of dynamic systems, 142 pp. New York: McGraw-Hill 1963Google Scholar
  37. Walsh, J.J. and R.C. Dugdale: A simulation model of the nitrogen flow in the Peruvian upwelling system. Investigatión pesq. 35, 309–330 (1971)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. Iverson
    • 1
  • H. C. CurlJr.
    • 2
  • J. L. Saugen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OceanographyFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.School of OceanographyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Electrical EngineeringOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

Personalised recommendations