Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 289–294 | Cite as

Acclimation responses to salinity of three estuarine red algae from New Jersey

  • C. Yarish
  • P. Edwards
  • S. Casey
Article

Abstract

The effects of salinity and acclimation time on the net photosynthetic responses of 3 estuarine red algae, Bostrychia radicans Mont., Caloglossa leprieurii (Mont.) J. Ag., and Polysiphonia subtilissima Mont., from Great Bay Estuary, New Jersey, USA, were investigated. The algae were cultured in a series of synthetic seawater media of 5, 15, 25 and 35% S for acclimation periods of 0, 2, 4, 8, and 16 days prior to determining their photosynthetic responses. All species were euryhaline, and demonstrated photosynthesis at all the above salinities. B. radicans, which was more common towards the mouth of the estuary, had a maximum photosynthetic rate at 25% S, whilst C. leprieurii and P. subtilissima, which were more common towards the head of the estuary, had photosynthetic maxima between 15 and 25%, and at 15%, respectively. The curves relating net photosynthesis to salinity were usually similar within a species at different acclimation periods, although statistically significant differences were sometimes noted. The acclimation periods producing maximal net photosynthesis were 0, 2 and 4 days for B. radicans, and 4 days for C. leprieurii, whilst for P. subtilissima there was no significant difference in response for any acclimation period over the range of salinities studied.

Keywords

Photosynthesis Photosynthetic Rate Acclimation Period Photosynthetic Response Acclimation Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Colinvaux, L.H., K.M. Wilbur and N. Watabe: Tropical marine algae: growth in laboratory culture. J. Phycol. 1, 69–78 (1965)Google Scholar
  2. Dawes, C.J., R. Moon and J. LaClaire: Photosynthetic responses of the red algae, Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux (Gigartinales). Bull. mar. Sci. 26, 467–473 (1976)Google Scholar
  3. Druehl, L.D.: Distribution of two species of Laminaria as related to some environmental factors. J. Phycol. 3, 103–108 (1967)Google Scholar
  4. Emerson, R. and L. Green: Manometric measurements of photosynthesis in the marine alga Gigartina. J. gen. Physiol. 17, 817–843 (1934)Google Scholar
  5. Fralick, R.A. and A.C. Mathieson: Physiological ecology of four Polysiphonia species (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales). Mar. Biol. 29, 29–36 (1975)Google Scholar
  6. Fromageot, D.: Influence de la concentration en sels de l'eau de mer sur l'assimilation des algues vertes. C. r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 177, 779–780 (1923)Google Scholar
  7. Gessner, F.: Photosynthesis and ion loss in the brown algae Dictyopteris membranacea and Fucus virsoides. Mar. Biol. 4, 349–351 (1969)Google Scholar
  8. Hammer, L.: Salzgehalt und Photosynthese bei marinen Pflanzen. Mar. Biol. 1, 185–190 (1968)Google Scholar
  9. Kjeldson, C.: Effects of variations in salinity and temperature on some estuarine macro-algae, 157 pp. Ph.D. thesis, Oregon State University 1967Google Scholar
  10. Legendre, R.: Influence de la salinité de l'eau de mer sur l'assimilation chlorophyllienne des algues. C. r. Séanc. Soc. Biol. 85, 222–224 (1921)Google Scholar
  11. Mathieson, A.C. and C.J. Dawes: Ecological studies of Floridian Eucheuma (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). II. Photosynthesis and respiration. Bull. mar. Sci. 24, 274–285 (1974)Google Scholar
  12. ——: Seasonal studies of Florida sublittoral marine algae. Bull. mar. Sci. 25, 46–65 (1975)Google Scholar
  13. Miller, R.: Simultaneous statistical inference, 272 pp. New York: McGraw Hill 1966Google Scholar
  14. Montfort, C.: Assimilation und Stoffgewinn der Meeresalgen bei Aussüßung und Rückversalzung. Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 49, 49–66 (1931)Google Scholar
  15. Nellen, U.R.: Über den Einfluß des Salzgehaltes auf die photosynthetische Leistung verschiedener Standortformen von Delesseria sanguinea und Fucus serratus. Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters. 13, 288–313 (1966)Google Scholar
  16. Ogata, E. and T. Matsui: Photosynthesis in several marine plants of Japan as affected by salinity, drying and pH, with attention to their growth habitats. Botanica mar. 8, 199–217 (1965)Google Scholar
  17. —— and H. Nakamura: The life cycle of Gracilaria verrucosa (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales) in vitro. Phycologia 11, 75–80 (1972)Google Scholar
  18. — and W. Schramm: Some observations on the influence of salinity on growth and photosynthesis in Porphyra umbilicalis. Mar. Biol. 10, 70–76 (1971)Google Scholar
  19. Ott, F.D.: Synthetic media and techniques for the xenic cultivation of marine algae and flagellata. Va J. Sci. 16, 205–218 (1965)Google Scholar
  20. —: A selected listing of xenic algal cultures, 45 pp. Systematics-Ecology Program. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. (mimeo): 1966 (Contr. Woods Hole oceanogr. Instn)Google Scholar
  21. Rand, M.C., A.E. Greenberg and M.J. Taras: Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 14 ed. 1193 pp. Washington, D.C.: American Public Health Association 1976Google Scholar
  22. Tseng, C.K. and B.M. Sweeny: Physiological studies of Gelidium cartilagineum. I. Photosynthesis. With special reference to the carbon dioxide factor. Am. J. Bot. 33, 706–715 (1946)Google Scholar
  23. U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey: Surface water temperature and salinity, Atlantic coast, North and South America, 88 pp. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office 1965. (Publs U.S. Cst geod. Surv. No. 31-1)Google Scholar
  24. Yarish, C. and P. Edwards: A field and cultural investigation of the seasonal and horizontal distribution of estuarine red algae of New Jersey, 124 pp. Ph.D. thesis, Rutgers, The State University 1976Google Scholar
  25. Zavodnick, N.: Effects of temperature and salinity variations on photosynthesis of some littoral seaweeds of the North Adriatic Sea. Botanica mar. 18, 245–250 (1975)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Yarish
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • P. Edwards
    • 1
  • S. Casey
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Botany, RutgersThe State UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Department of Statistics, RutgersThe State UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  3. 3.Biological Science GroupUniversity of ConnecticutStamfordUSA

Personalised recommendations