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Marine Biology

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 85–96 | Cite as

Population studies on benthic nematodes within a subtropical seagrass community

  • B. E. Hopper
  • S. P. Meyers
Article

Abstract

Examination of the benthic nematode fauna of the soft surface sediments of a turtle grass (Thalassia testudinumKönig) bed in Biscayne Bay (Miami, Florida) has revealed a high degree of homogeneity exemplified by the dominance of four species out of approximately 100 nematode taxa from the area. The dominant species, Metoncholaimus scissus, Theristus fistulatus, Spirinia parasitifera and Gomphionema typica, regularly comprised between 87 and 95% of the total number of nematodes present in samples collected during the winter and spring of 1966. T. fistulatus showed an abundance of 56% over the course of the study, i.e., 160 samples collected over a period of 14 months. Maximal peaks in population densities were noted and correlated with physiographic alterations in the environment. The M. scissus population declined concurrent with changes in the community; at the same time, with accumulation of sediment, the Terschellingia longicaudata population increased. Ratios of species, and especially shifts in the dominantforms present, with repeated collections, are extremely useful indicators of important biological and physical changes in a particular environment. Analysis of distributional data on dominant species in 64 samples from eight closely approximated positions showed that observed temporal and spatial variations were not significant statistically at the 5% level. It is concluded that erroneous observations can be made from ecological studies based on field data derived without proper replication or consideration of seasonal factors. The latter as well as intrinsic variability within the particular locality itself contribute to the basic faunistic composition of benthic communities.

Keywords

Surface Sediment Dominant Species Maximal Peak Ecological Study Benthic Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. E. Hopper
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. P. Meyers
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AgricultureEntomology Research InstituteOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Marine ScienceUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

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