Advertisement

Planta

, Volume 149, Issue 1, pp 78–90 | Cite as

A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 species

  • G. D. Farquhar
  • S. von Caemmerer
  • J. A. Berry
Article

Abstract

Various aspects of the biochemistry of photosynthetic carbon assimilation in C3 plants are integrated into a form compatible with studies of gas exchange in leaves. These aspects include the kinetic properties of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase; the requirements of the photosynthetic carbon reduction and photorespiratory carbon oxidation cycles for reduced pyridine nucleotides; the dependence of electron transport on photon flux and the presence of a temperature dependent upper limit to electron transport. The measurements of gas exchange with which the model outputs may be compared include those of the temperature and partial pressure of CO2(p(CO2)) dependencies of quantum yield, the variation of compensation point with temperature and partial pressure of O2(p(O2)), the dependence of net CO2 assimilation rate on p(CO2) and irradiance, and the influence of p(CO2) and irradiance on the temperature dependence of assimilation rate.

Key words

Electron transport Leaf model Light and CO2 assimilation Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase Temperature Photosynthesis (C3

Abbreviations

RuP2

ribulose bisphosphate

PGA

3-phosphoglycerate

C=p(CO2)

partial pressure of CO2

O=p(O2)

partial pressure of O2

PCR

photosynthetic carbon reduction

PCO

photorespiratory carbon oxidation

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Armand, P.A., Schreiber, U., Björkman, O. (1978) Photosynthetic acclimatization in the desert shrub Larrea divaricata. II. Light harvesting efficiency and electron transport. Plant Physiol. 61, 411–415Google Scholar
  2. Badger, M.R., Andrews, T.J. (1974) Effects of CO2, O2 and temperature on a high-affinity form of ribulose diphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase from spinach. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 60, 204–210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Badgar, M.R., Collatz, G.J. (1977) Studies on the kinetic mechanism of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and oxygenase reactions, with particular reference to the effect of temperature on kinetic parameters. Carnegic Inst Wash. Year Book 76, 355–61Google Scholar
  4. Berry, J., Farquhar, G. (1978) The CO2 concentrating function of C4 photosynthesis. A biochemical model. In: Proc. of the 4th International Congress on Photosynthesis, Reading, England, 1977, pp. 119–131, Hall, D., Coombs, J., Goodwin, T., eds. London. The Biochemical Soc.Google Scholar
  5. Björkman, O., Boardman, N.K., Anderson, J.M., Thorne, S.W., Goodchild, D.J., Pyliotis, N.A. (1972) Effect of light intensity during growth of Atriplex patula on the capacity of photosynthetic reactions, chloroplast components and structure. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Year Book 71, 115–135Google Scholar
  6. Charles-Edwards, D.A. (1979) Photosynthesis and crop growth. In: Photosynthesis and plant development, pp. 111–124, Marcelle, R., ed. The Hague, JunkGoogle Scholar
  7. Collatz, G.J. (1978) The interaction between photosynthesis and ribulose-P 2 concentration-effects of light, CO2 and O2. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Year Book 77, 248–251Google Scholar
  8. Ehleringer, J., Björkman, O. (1977) Quantum yields for CO2 uptake in C3 and C4 plants. Dependence on temperature, CO2 and O2 concentrations. Plant Physiol. 59, 86–90Google Scholar
  9. Farquhar, G.D. (1979) Models describing the kinetics of ribulose biphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 193, 456–468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Graham, D. (in press) Effects of light on “dark” respiration. In: Biochemistry of plants. A comprehensive treatise, II, General metabolism and respiration. Davies, D.D., ed.Google Scholar
  11. Hall, A.E., Björkman, O. (1975) Model of leaf photosynthesis and respiration. In: Ecological studies 12. Gates, D.M., Schmerl, R.B., eds. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Heber, U. (1976) Energy coupling in chloroplasts. J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. 8, 157–172Google Scholar
  13. Heldt, H.W. (1976) Metabolite carriers of chloroplasts. In: Transport in plants III. Intracellular interactions and transport processes, pp. 137–143. Stocking, C.R., Heber, C., eds. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Jensen, R.G., Bahr, J.T. (1977) Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 377–400Google Scholar
  15. Keys, A.J., Bird, I.F., Cornelius, M.J., Lea, P.J., Wallsgrove, R.M., Miflin, B.J. (1978) Photorespiratory nitrogen cycle. Nature (London) 275, 741–43Google Scholar
  16. Ku, S.-B., Edwards, G.E. (1977) Oxygen inhibition of photosynthesis. I. Temperature dependence and relation to O2/CO2 solubility ratio. Plant Physiol. 59, 986–990Google Scholar
  17. Laing, W.A., Ogren, W.L., Hageman, R.H. (1974) Regulation of soybean net photosynthetic CO2 fixation by the interaction of CO2, O2 and ribulose-1,5-diphosphate carboxylase. Plant Physiol. 55, 678–685Google Scholar
  18. Lilley, R. McC., Walker, D.A. (1975) Carbon dioxide assimilation by leaves, isolated chloroplasts and ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase from spinach. Plant Physiol. 55, 1087–1092Google Scholar
  19. Nobel, P.S., Zaragoza, L.J., Smith, W.K. (1975) Relation between mesophyll surface area, photosynthetic rate, and illumination level during development for leaves of Plectranthus parviflorus Henckel. Plant Physiol. 55, 1067–1070Google Scholar
  20. Nolan, W.G., Smillie, R.M. (1976) Multi temperature effects on Hill reaction activity of barley chloroplasts. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 440, 461–475Google Scholar
  21. Peisker, M. (1974) A model describing the influence of oxygen on photosynthetic carboxylation. Photosynthetica 8, 47–50Google Scholar
  22. Peisker, M. (1976) Ein Modell der Sauerstoffabhängigkeit des Photosynthetischen CO2-Gaswechsels von C3-Pflanzen. Kulturpflanzen 24, 221–235Google Scholar
  23. Peisker, M., Apel, P. (1977) Influence of oxygen on photosynthesis and photorespiration in leaves of Triticum aestivum L. 3. Response of CO2 gas exchange to oxygen at various temperatures. Photosynthetica 11, 29–37Google Scholar
  24. Sharpe, P.S.H., De Michelle, D.W. (1977) Reaction kinetics of poikilothermic development. J. Theor. Biol. 64, 649–70Google Scholar
  25. Singh, M., Ogren, W.L., Widholm, J.M. (1974) Photosynthetic characteristics of several C3 and C4 plant species grown under different light intensities. Crop Sci. 14, 563–566Google Scholar
  26. Tenhunen, J.D., Weber, J.A., Yocum, C.S., Gates, D.M. (1979) Solubility of gases and the temperature dependency of whole leaf affinities for carbon dioxide and oxygen. Plant Physiol. 63, 916–923Google Scholar
  27. West, K.R., Wiskich, J.T. (1968) Photosynthetic control by isolated pea chloroplasts. Biochem J. 109, 527–32Google Scholar
  28. Wong, S.C. (1979) Stomatal behaviour in relation to photosynthesis. Ph. D. Thesis A.N.U.Google Scholar
  29. Woo, K.C., Berry, J.A., Turner, G.L. (1978) Release and refixation of ammonia during photorespiration. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Year Book 77, 240–245Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. D. Farquhar
    • 1
  • S. von Caemmerer
    • 1
  • J. A. Berry
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Biology, Research School of Biological SciencesAustralian National UniversityCanberra CityAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Plant BiologyCarnegie Institution of WashingtonStanfordUSA

Personalised recommendations