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Small-signal erbium-doped fibre amplifiers pumped at 980 nm: a design study

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A model for the erbium-doped fibre amplifier (EDFA) is presented and discussed. The model is used in a detailed analysis of the waveguide design of 980-nm pumped EDFAs operated in the small-signal gain region. A comparison of results for signals at wavelengths 1532 and 1552 nm is given. The influence of the amplified spontaneous emission on the optimum cut-off wavelength for the LP11-mode of step index fibres is shown to be significant for gains exceeding ∼40 dB. For lower gain levels, the optimum cut-off wavelength is 800 nm. An analysis of EDFAs used as preamplifiers indicates that significant improvements of the noise figures may be obtained by cut-back of the fibre to lengths that are ∼50% of that for maximum gain. Very low noise figures of ∼3.1 dB are only obtainable if a reduction of ∼ 10 dB in the gain is acceptable.

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Pedersen, B. Small-signal erbium-doped fibre amplifiers pumped at 980 nm: a design study. Opt Quant Electron 26, S273–S284 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00384679

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Keywords

  • Detailed Analysis
  • Communication Network
  • Material Processing
  • Spontaneous Emission
  • Noise Figure